Objective and design: Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is associated with amyloid plaques (Aβ) and hyperphosphorylated tau protein tangles in the brain. We investigated the possible neuroprotective role of flavocoxid, a dual inhibitor of cyclooxygenases-1/2 (COX-1/2) and 5-Lipoxygenase (5-LOX), in triple-transgenic (3xTg-AD) mice. Subjects: Mice were 3 months at the beginning of the study. Treatment: Animals received once daily for 3-month saline solution or flavocoxid (20 mg/kg/ip). Methods: Morris water maze was used to assess learning and memory. Histology was performed to evidence Aβ plaques and neuronal loss, while inflammatory proteins were determined by western blot analysis. Results: Saline-treated 3xTg-AD mice showed an impairment in spatial learning and memory (assessed at 6 months of age), and increased expression of inflammatory and apoptotic molecules. Treatment of 3xTg-AD mice with flavocoxid reduced: (1) learning and memory loss; (2) the increased eicosanoid production and the phosphorylation level of amyloid precursor protein (APP-pThr668), Aβ 1–42, p-tau (pThr181), pERK, and the activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome; (3) Aβ plaques; and (4) neuronal loss, compared to saline-treated animals. Conclusions: Pharmacological blockade of both COX-1/2 and 5-LOX was able to counteract the progression of AD by targeting pathophysiological mechanisms up- and downstream of Aβ and tau.

Effects of COX1-2/5-LOX blockade in Alzheimer transgenic 3xTg-AD mice / Bitto, Alessandra; Giuliani, Daniela; Pallio, Giovanni; Irrera, Natasha; Vandini, Eleonora; Canalini, Fabrizio; Zaffe, Davide; Ottani, Alessandra; Minutoli, Letteria; Rinaldi, Mariagrazia; Guarini, Salvatore; Squadrito, Francesco; Altavilla, Domenica. - In: INFLAMMATION RESEARCH. - ISSN 1023-3830. - 66:5(2017), pp. 389-398. [10.1007/s00011-017-1022-x]

Effects of COX1-2/5-LOX blockade in Alzheimer transgenic 3xTg-AD mice

GIULIANI, Daniela;Canalini, Fabrizio;ZAFFE, Davide;OTTANI, Alessandra;GUARINI, Salvatore;
2017

Abstract

Objective and design: Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is associated with amyloid plaques (Aβ) and hyperphosphorylated tau protein tangles in the brain. We investigated the possible neuroprotective role of flavocoxid, a dual inhibitor of cyclooxygenases-1/2 (COX-1/2) and 5-Lipoxygenase (5-LOX), in triple-transgenic (3xTg-AD) mice. Subjects: Mice were 3 months at the beginning of the study. Treatment: Animals received once daily for 3-month saline solution or flavocoxid (20 mg/kg/ip). Methods: Morris water maze was used to assess learning and memory. Histology was performed to evidence Aβ plaques and neuronal loss, while inflammatory proteins were determined by western blot analysis. Results: Saline-treated 3xTg-AD mice showed an impairment in spatial learning and memory (assessed at 6 months of age), and increased expression of inflammatory and apoptotic molecules. Treatment of 3xTg-AD mice with flavocoxid reduced: (1) learning and memory loss; (2) the increased eicosanoid production and the phosphorylation level of amyloid precursor protein (APP-pThr668), Aβ 1–42, p-tau (pThr181), pERK, and the activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome; (3) Aβ plaques; and (4) neuronal loss, compared to saline-treated animals. Conclusions: Pharmacological blockade of both COX-1/2 and 5-LOX was able to counteract the progression of AD by targeting pathophysiological mechanisms up- and downstream of Aβ and tau.
25-feb-2017
66
5
389
398
Effects of COX1-2/5-LOX blockade in Alzheimer transgenic 3xTg-AD mice / Bitto, Alessandra; Giuliani, Daniela; Pallio, Giovanni; Irrera, Natasha; Vandini, Eleonora; Canalini, Fabrizio; Zaffe, Davide; Ottani, Alessandra; Minutoli, Letteria; Rinaldi, Mariagrazia; Guarini, Salvatore; Squadrito, Francesco; Altavilla, Domenica. - In: INFLAMMATION RESEARCH. - ISSN 1023-3830. - 66:5(2017), pp. 389-398. [10.1007/s00011-017-1022-x]
Bitto, Alessandra; Giuliani, Daniela; Pallio, Giovanni; Irrera, Natasha; Vandini, Eleonora; Canalini, Fabrizio; Zaffe, Davide; Ottani, Alessandra; Minutoli, Letteria; Rinaldi, Mariagrazia; Guarini, Salvatore; Squadrito, Francesco; Altavilla, Domenica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/1133458
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