Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic progressive inflammatory demyelinating disorder of the central nervous system, and in several countries is a leading cause of permanent neurological disability in young adults, particularly women. MS is considered an autoimmune disease, caused by an aberrant immune response to environmental triggers in genetically susceptible subjects. However, the contribution of the innate or of the adaptive immune system to the development and progression of the disease has not yet been fully elucidated. Innate-like T lymphocytes are unconventional T cells that bridge the innate and adaptive arms of the immune system, because they use a T cell receptor to sense external ligands, but behave like innate cells when they rapidly respond to stimuli. These cells could play an important role in the pathogenesis of MS. Here, we focus on invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells and mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells, and we review the current knowledge on their biology and possible involvement in MS. Although several studies have evaluated the frequency and functions of iNKT and MAIT cells both in MS patients and in experimental mouse models, contradictory observations have been reported, and it is not clear whether they exert a protective or a pro-inflammatory and harmful role. A better understanding of how immune cells are involved in MS, and of their interactions could be of great interest for the development of new therapeutic strategies.

Invariant natural killer T cells and mucosal-associated invariant T cells in multiple sclerosis / Bianchini, Elena; De Biasi, Sara; Simone, Anna Maria; Ferraro, Diana; Sola, Patrizia; Cossarizza, Andrea; Pinti, Marcello. - In: IMMUNOLOGY LETTERS. - ISSN 0165-2478. - 183:(2017), pp. 1-7. [10.1016/j.imlet.2017.01.009]

Invariant natural killer T cells and mucosal-associated invariant T cells in multiple sclerosis

BIANCHINI, ELENA;DE BIASI, SARA;SIMONE, ANNA MARIA;FERRARO, Diana;COSSARIZZA, Andrea;PINTI, Marcello
2017

Abstract

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic progressive inflammatory demyelinating disorder of the central nervous system, and in several countries is a leading cause of permanent neurological disability in young adults, particularly women. MS is considered an autoimmune disease, caused by an aberrant immune response to environmental triggers in genetically susceptible subjects. However, the contribution of the innate or of the adaptive immune system to the development and progression of the disease has not yet been fully elucidated. Innate-like T lymphocytes are unconventional T cells that bridge the innate and adaptive arms of the immune system, because they use a T cell receptor to sense external ligands, but behave like innate cells when they rapidly respond to stimuli. These cells could play an important role in the pathogenesis of MS. Here, we focus on invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells and mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells, and we review the current knowledge on their biology and possible involvement in MS. Although several studies have evaluated the frequency and functions of iNKT and MAIT cells both in MS patients and in experimental mouse models, contradictory observations have been reported, and it is not clear whether they exert a protective or a pro-inflammatory and harmful role. A better understanding of how immune cells are involved in MS, and of their interactions could be of great interest for the development of new therapeutic strategies.
21-gen-2017
183
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7
Invariant natural killer T cells and mucosal-associated invariant T cells in multiple sclerosis / Bianchini, Elena; De Biasi, Sara; Simone, Anna Maria; Ferraro, Diana; Sola, Patrizia; Cossarizza, Andrea; Pinti, Marcello. - In: IMMUNOLOGY LETTERS. - ISSN 0165-2478. - 183:(2017), pp. 1-7. [10.1016/j.imlet.2017.01.009]
Bianchini, Elena; DE BIASI, Sara; Simone, ANNA MARIA; Ferraro, Diana; Sola, Patrizia; Cossarizza, Andrea; Pinti, Marcello
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/1133283
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