We investigate the historical determinants of the education gender gap in Italy in the late nineteenth century, immediately following the country’s Unification. We use a comprehensive newly-assembled database including 69 provinces over twenty-year sub-samples covering the 1861-1901 period. We find robust evidence that in 1861, at Unification, gender equality in education is still positively associated with the medieval pattern of commerce, along the routes that connected Italian cities among themselves and with the rest of the world. The beneficial effect of medieval commerce on female education relative to male persists after we control for a broad set of confounding factors reflecting the geographic, economic, political, and cultural differentiation of medieval Italy and after we implement an instrumentation strategy. The long-term influence of medieval commerce dissipates only gradually after nationally-directed educational policies are implemented after Unification, consistent with its transmission through slow-changing cultural beliefs.

Women, Medieval Commerce, and the Education Gender Gap / Bertocchi, Graziella; Bozzano, Monica. - In: JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE ECONOMICS. - ISSN 0147-5967. - STAMPA. - 44:(2016), pp. 496-521. [10.1016/j.jce.2015.09.002]

Women, Medieval Commerce, and the Education Gender Gap

BERTOCCHI, Graziella;BOZZANO, MONICA
2016

Abstract

We investigate the historical determinants of the education gender gap in Italy in the late nineteenth century, immediately following the country’s Unification. We use a comprehensive newly-assembled database including 69 provinces over twenty-year sub-samples covering the 1861-1901 period. We find robust evidence that in 1861, at Unification, gender equality in education is still positively associated with the medieval pattern of commerce, along the routes that connected Italian cities among themselves and with the rest of the world. The beneficial effect of medieval commerce on female education relative to male persists after we control for a broad set of confounding factors reflecting the geographic, economic, political, and cultural differentiation of medieval Italy and after we implement an instrumentation strategy. The long-term influence of medieval commerce dissipates only gradually after nationally-directed educational policies are implemented after Unification, consistent with its transmission through slow-changing cultural beliefs.
2016
44
496
521
Women, Medieval Commerce, and the Education Gender Gap / Bertocchi, Graziella; Bozzano, Monica. - In: JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE ECONOMICS. - ISSN 0147-5967. - STAMPA. - 44:(2016), pp. 496-521. [10.1016/j.jce.2015.09.002]
Bertocchi, Graziella; Bozzano, Monica
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
womeneducationweb.pdf

Open access

Descrizione: articolo principale
Tipologia: Versione dell'autore revisionata e accettata per la pubblicazione
Dimensione 556.19 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
556.19 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
1-s2.0-S0147596715000803-main.pdf

Accesso riservato

Tipologia: Versione pubblicata dall'editore
Dimensione 2.36 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.36 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Licenza Creative Commons
I metadati presenti in IRIS UNIMORE sono rilasciati con licenza Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal, mentre i file delle pubblicazioni sono rilasciati con licenza Attribuzione 4.0 Internazionale (CC BY 4.0), salvo diversa indicazione.
In caso di violazione di copyright, contattare Supporto Iris

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1121005
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 15
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 10
social impact