This study examined whether personality disorders (PDs) are associated with alexithymic features at varying levels of comorbid psychopathology distress. 167 psychiatric outpatients completed the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS) and the General Severity Index (GSI) of the SCL90-revised. Bootstrapping analyses were performed to test whether the PD/alexithymia relationship was moderated by psychopathology distress (GSI). The overall number of PD criteria was associated with cognitive aspects of alexithymia (i.e., Externally Oriented Thinking, EOT) only at low/moderate levels of distress. Borderline criteria predicted EOT only when distress was low, while avoidant and dependent criteria were independently related with EOT. No association was found between other PDs and alexithymia facets. Thus, within clinical samples the alexithymia/PD association is mainly explained by comorbid psychopathology; however, individuals with avoidant, dependent and borderline features might have a specific difficulty with focusing on internal reality, even when their current symptom distress is low.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Titolo:||Finding words for feelings: The relationship between personality disorders and alexithymia|
|Autori:||De Panfilis, Chiara; Ossola, Paolo; Tonna, Matteo; Catania, Lorena; Marchesi, Carlo|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.paid.2014.10.050|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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