Aim. We report the case of two young subjects who developed an obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) during a heavy use of ecstasy. After several months of discontinuation of the drug, major depression with psychotic features developed in one subject and a psychotic disorder in the other individual. No mental disorder preceded the use of ecstasy in any subject. Findings. A familial and personality vulnerability for mental disorder was revealed in one subject, but not in the other, and all physical, laboratory and cerebral NMR evaluations showed normal results in both patients. Remission of OCD and depressive episode or psychotic disorder was achieved after treatment with a serotoninergic medication associated with an antipsychotic. Conclusions. The heavy long-term use of ecstasy may induce an alteration in the brain balance between serotonin and dopamine, which might constitute a pathophysiological mechanism underlying the onset of obsessive-compulsive, depressive and psychotic symptoms. The heavy use of ecstasy probably interacted with a vulnerability to psychiatric disorder in one subject, whereas we cannot exclude that an "ecstasy disorder" ex novo affected the other individual. © 2009 Informa UK Ltd All rights reserved.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder followed by psychotic episode in long-term ecstasy misuse / Marchesi, Carlo; Tonna, Matteo; Maggini, Carlo. - In: THE WORLD JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL PSYCHIATRY. - ISSN 1562-2975. - 10:4 PART 2(2009), pp. 599-602.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Titolo:||Obsessive-compulsive disorder followed by psychotic episode in long-term ecstasy misuse|
|Autore/i:||Marchesi, Carlo; Tonna, Matteo; Maggini, Carlo|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15622970701459828|
|Fascicolo:||4 PART 2|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000273003200036|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-77449151579|
|Codice identificativo Pubmed:||17853269|
|Citazione:||Obsessive-compulsive disorder followed by psychotic episode in long-term ecstasy misuse / Marchesi, Carlo; Tonna, Matteo; Maggini, Carlo. - In: THE WORLD JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL PSYCHIATRY. - ISSN 1562-2975. - 10:4 PART 2(2009), pp. 599-602.|
|Tipologia||Articolo su rivista|
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