Background Type D personality (TDP) has been proposed as a risk factor for the development of depressive symptoms after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). However, contrasting findings emerged about its predicting power on the onset of depression, since an overlap between TDP and depressive symptoms has been proposed. The present study was aimed to verify whether TDP predicts the development of a depressive disorder in the 6 months after the discharge from hospital. Methods Two hundred fifty consecutive patients were recruited, at the Coronary Intensive Care Unit at the University Hospital of Parma, who were both presenting their first ACS and had no history of depression. The presence and the severity of major (MD) and minor (md) depression were evaluated with the Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders (PRIME-MD) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) respectively. Type D Personality was assessed with the DS14, both at baseline and at 1, 2, 4 and 6 month follow ups. Results Out of 250 subjects (81.2% males), MD was diagnosed in 12 patients (4.8%) and md in 18 patients (7.2%). At baseline risk factors for a post-ACS depressive disorder were HADS depression scores, whereas TDP, or its subscales, did not showed any effect. Limitation The small amount of patients with incidence of depression, due to highly selective inclusion criteria, tempers the reliability of our results. Conclusion Our data suggests that TDP does not predict the development of depressive disorders in never-depressed patients at their first ACS, when the baseline depression severity was controlled. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
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|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Titolo:||Type D personality in never-depressed patients and the development of major and minor depression after acute coronary syndrome|
|Autori:||Marchesi, Carlo; Ossola, Paolo; Scagnelli, Francesca; Paglia, Francesca; Aprile, Sonja; Monici, Alberto; Tonna, Matteo; Conte, Giulio; Masini, Franco; De Panfilis, Chiara; Ardissino, Diego|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.jad.2013.10.052|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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