In schizophrenia, a better level of functioning has been generally associated with symptomatic remission. However, this association has been supported by cross-sectional studies or by studies with a short follow-up period. Forty-eight patients with schizophrenia were evaluated by the Positive and Negative Symptoms Scale and the Social and Occupational Functioning Assessment Scale (SOFAS) at the first episode and after a mean period of 16 years. At follow-up, patients were defined as remitters (R) or non-remitters (NR) according to the Remission Schizophrenia Working Group criteria. R (n = 18; 37.5%) compared to NR showed at the first episode a lower illness severity and a better level of functioning. A functional decline was found in both groups at follow-up, even though NR showed a more than twofold reduction than R. Better SOFAS scores at follow-up were predicted by baseline SOFAS score and less severe negative symptoms at follow-up. Schizophrenia implies a functional decline over time, regardless of the symptomatic remission status with negative symptoms playing a major role.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Titolo:||Decrease of functioning in remitted and non-remitted patients 16 years after a first-episode schizophrenia|
|Autore/i:||Marchesi, Carlo; Affaticati, Andrea; Monici, Alberto; De Panfilis, Chiara; Ossola, Paolo; Ottoni, Rebecca; Tonna, Matteo|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1097/NMD.0000000000000299|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000356234500002|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-84930898810|
|Codice identificativo Pubmed:||25974058|
|Citazione:||Decrease of functioning in remitted and non-remitted patients 16 years after a first-episode schizophrenia / Marchesi, Carlo; Affaticati, Andrea; Monici, Alberto; De Panfilis, Chiara; Ossola, Paolo; Ottoni, Rebecca; Tonna, Matteo. - In: JOURNAL OF NERVOUS AND MENTAL DISEASE. - ISSN 0022-3018. - 203:6(2015), pp. 406-411.|
|Tipologia||Articolo su rivista|
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