The association between depression and acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is well-established and the first seems to impact meaningfully on cardiac prognosis. Nonetheless only a few studies have evaluated the relationship between incident depression, defined as new cases in patients with no history of depression, and ACS. Therefore the aim of this study is to analyse the risk factors of incident depression in a sample of patients who were presenting their first ACS. 304 consecutive patients were recruited. The presence of major (MD) and minor (md) depression was assessed with the Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders (PRIME-MD), whereas its severity was evaluated with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Evaluations were collected both at baseline and at 1, 2, 4, 6, 9 and 12 month follow ups. Out of 304 subjects (80.6% males), MD was diagnosed in 15 (4.9%) and md in 25 patients (8.2%). At baseline risk factors for a post-ACS depressive disorder were being women (MD only), widowed (md only) and having mild anhedonic depressive symptoms few days after the ACS. Clinicians should keep in mind these variables when facing a patient at his/her first ACS, given the detrimental effect of depression on cardiac prognosis.

Risk factors for incident depression in patients at first acute coronary syndrome / Ossola, Paolo; Paglia, Francesca; Pelosi, Annalisa; De Panfilis, Chiara; Conte, Giulio; Tonna, Matteo; Ardissino, Diego; Marchesi, Carlo. - In: PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH. - ISSN 0165-1781. - 228:3(2015), pp. 448-453. [10.1016/j.psychres.2015.05.063]

Risk factors for incident depression in patients at first acute coronary syndrome

TONNA, MATTEO;
2015-01-01

Abstract

The association between depression and acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is well-established and the first seems to impact meaningfully on cardiac prognosis. Nonetheless only a few studies have evaluated the relationship between incident depression, defined as new cases in patients with no history of depression, and ACS. Therefore the aim of this study is to analyse the risk factors of incident depression in a sample of patients who were presenting their first ACS. 304 consecutive patients were recruited. The presence of major (MD) and minor (md) depression was assessed with the Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders (PRIME-MD), whereas its severity was evaluated with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Evaluations were collected both at baseline and at 1, 2, 4, 6, 9 and 12 month follow ups. Out of 304 subjects (80.6% males), MD was diagnosed in 15 (4.9%) and md in 25 patients (8.2%). At baseline risk factors for a post-ACS depressive disorder were being women (MD only), widowed (md only) and having mild anhedonic depressive symptoms few days after the ACS. Clinicians should keep in mind these variables when facing a patient at his/her first ACS, given the detrimental effect of depression on cardiac prognosis.
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448
453
Risk factors for incident depression in patients at first acute coronary syndrome / Ossola, Paolo; Paglia, Francesca; Pelosi, Annalisa; De Panfilis, Chiara; Conte, Giulio; Tonna, Matteo; Ardissino, Diego; Marchesi, Carlo. - In: PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH. - ISSN 0165-1781. - 228:3(2015), pp. 448-453. [10.1016/j.psychres.2015.05.063]
Ossola, Paolo; Paglia, Francesca; Pelosi, Annalisa; De Panfilis, Chiara; Conte, Giulio; Tonna, Matteo; Ardissino, Diego; Marchesi, Carlo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1120757
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