Society increasingly demands for effective waste management policies to make industries more environmentally sustainable. Organizations are even issuing directives to drive choices about these policies. In particular, modern industries produce a lot of packaging, which soon become waste, even before product usage. Research can face the problem with improvements in recycling and recovery processes. However, even if recycling and recovery would enable waste to have still a value, most costs and benefits are determined at the design stage. Therefore, Design for Environment criteria must be adopted in the design tasks, from the early conceptual design when the main design solutions are defined. The design criteria to assess possible design choices must consider all the environmental impacts of packaging over its lifecycle. The present work focuses on Redesign for Environment of packaging solutions. Following a systematic design process, we use different criteria to evaluate the effects of design solutions on packaging, since waste can be seen just as one of the main phases of packaging life. To this purpose, we adopt the stages of the waste hierarchy set by the EU Waste Framework Directive 2008/98/EC as design evaluation criteria. The waste hierarchy sets a priority order for five life cycle stages that a packaging can go through. The stages of the hierarchy can be differently weighted according to the costs and benefits they involve. The proposed Design for Environment method based on the waste hierarchy criteria is finally applied in the redesign of an industrial case study. The packaging solution as foldable wooden crates were chosen for their capability to already comply with the first stages of the hierarchy, that is reducing waste with high customization to customer requirements and crate reuse. Hence, the case study improved the next stages with easing the wood recycle and recovery processes

REDESIGN FOR ENVIRONMENT OF WOODEN PACKAGING FOR BULK RECYCLING AND RECOVERY. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences VOL. 11, NO. 1, JANUARY 2016 / Vergnano, Alberto; Renzi, Cristina; Leali, Francesco. - In: JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING AND APPLIED SCIENCES. - ISSN 1819-6608. - ELETTRONICO. - VOL. 11, NO. 1, JANUARY 2016.:1(2016), pp. 1-8.

REDESIGN FOR ENVIRONMENT OF WOODEN PACKAGING FOR BULK RECYCLING AND RECOVERY. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences VOL. 11, NO. 1, JANUARY 2016.

VERGNANO, ALBERTO;RENZI, Cristina;LEALI, Francesco
2016

Abstract

Society increasingly demands for effective waste management policies to make industries more environmentally sustainable. Organizations are even issuing directives to drive choices about these policies. In particular, modern industries produce a lot of packaging, which soon become waste, even before product usage. Research can face the problem with improvements in recycling and recovery processes. However, even if recycling and recovery would enable waste to have still a value, most costs and benefits are determined at the design stage. Therefore, Design for Environment criteria must be adopted in the design tasks, from the early conceptual design when the main design solutions are defined. The design criteria to assess possible design choices must consider all the environmental impacts of packaging over its lifecycle. The present work focuses on Redesign for Environment of packaging solutions. Following a systematic design process, we use different criteria to evaluate the effects of design solutions on packaging, since waste can be seen just as one of the main phases of packaging life. To this purpose, we adopt the stages of the waste hierarchy set by the EU Waste Framework Directive 2008/98/EC as design evaluation criteria. The waste hierarchy sets a priority order for five life cycle stages that a packaging can go through. The stages of the hierarchy can be differently weighted according to the costs and benefits they involve. The proposed Design for Environment method based on the waste hierarchy criteria is finally applied in the redesign of an industrial case study. The packaging solution as foldable wooden crates were chosen for their capability to already comply with the first stages of the hierarchy, that is reducing waste with high customization to customer requirements and crate reuse. Hence, the case study improved the next stages with easing the wood recycle and recovery processes
VOL. 11, NO. 1, JANUARY 2016.
1
1
8
REDESIGN FOR ENVIRONMENT OF WOODEN PACKAGING FOR BULK RECYCLING AND RECOVERY. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences VOL. 11, NO. 1, JANUARY 2016 / Vergnano, Alberto; Renzi, Cristina; Leali, Francesco. - In: JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING AND APPLIED SCIENCES. - ISSN 1819-6608. - ELETTRONICO. - VOL. 11, NO. 1, JANUARY 2016.:1(2016), pp. 1-8.
Vergnano, Alberto; Renzi, Cristina; Leali, Francesco
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
jeas_0116_3368.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Vergnano, A., Renzi, C., & Leali, F. (2016). REDESIGN FOR ENVIRONMENT OF WOODEN PACKAGING FOR BULK RECYCLING AND RECOVERY. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences VOL. 11, NO. 1, JANUARY 2016.
Tipologia: Post-print dell'autore (bozza post referaggio)
Dimensione 637.28 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
637.28 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

Licenza Creative Commons
I metadati presenti in IRIS UNIMORE sono rilasciati con licenza Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal, mentre i file delle pubblicazioni sono rilasciati con licenza Attribuzione 4.0 Internazionale (CC BY 4.0), salvo diversa indicazione.
In caso di violazione di copyright, contattare Supporto Iris

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/1118467
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact