We present a cross-section scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), scanning tunneling spectroscopy (STS) and ab initio density-functional theory simulations study of the cleaved nonpolar (1[overline 1]00) surface (m-plane) of n-type HVPE GaN free-standing quasisubstrates. Atomically resolved empty and filled states STM topographies show that no reconstruction occurs upon cleavage, as predicted by theory. STS measurements on clean and atomically flat cleaved surfaces (defect concentration sigmad<=2×10**12 cm−2) show that the Fermi energy is not pinned and the tunneling current flows through Ga-like electronic states lying outside the fundamental band gap. On surface areas with defect concentration sigmad>=3×10**13 cm−2, the Fermi energy is pinned inside the band gap in defect-derived surface states and tunneling through filled (empty) N-like (Ga-like) states takes place.

We present a cross-section scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), scanning tunneling spectroscopy (STS) and ab initio density-functional theory simulations study of the cleaved nonpolar (1 1̄ 00) surface (m -plane) of n -type HVPE GaN free-standing quasisubstrates. Atomically resolved empty and filled states STM topographies show that no reconstruction occurs upon cleavage, as predicted by theory. STS measurements on clean and atomically flat cleaved surfaces (defect concentration σd ≤2× 1012 cm-2) show that the Fermi energy is not pinned and the tunneling current flows through Ga-like electronic states lying outside the fundamental band gap. On surface areas with defect concentration σd 3× 1013 cm-2, the Fermi energy is pinned inside the band gap in defect-derived surface states and tunneling through filled (empty) N-like (Ga-like) states takes place. © 2009 The American Physical Society.

Atomic and electronic structure of the nonpolar GaN (1 1̄ 00) surface / Bertelli, Matteo; Löptien, P.; Wenderoth, M.; Rizzi, Angela; Ulbrich, R. G.; Righi, Maria Clelia; Ferretti, Andrea; Martin Samos, L.; Bertoni, Carlo Maria; Catellani, A.. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW. B, CONDENSED MATTER AND MATERIALS PHYSICS. - ISSN 1098-0121. - STAMPA. - 80:(2009), pp. 115324 1-115324 7. [10.1103/PhysRevB.80.115324]

Atomic and electronic structure of the nonpolar GaN (1 1̄ 00) surface

BERTELLI, MATTEO;RIZZI, Angela;RIGHI, Maria Clelia;FERRETTI, Andrea;BERTONI, Carlo Maria;
2009-01-01

Abstract

We present a cross-section scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), scanning tunneling spectroscopy (STS) and ab initio density-functional theory simulations study of the cleaved nonpolar (1[overline 1]00) surface (m-plane) of n-type HVPE GaN free-standing quasisubstrates. Atomically resolved empty and filled states STM topographies show that no reconstruction occurs upon cleavage, as predicted by theory. STS measurements on clean and atomically flat cleaved surfaces (defect concentration sigmad<=2×10**12 cm−2) show that the Fermi energy is not pinned and the tunneling current flows through Ga-like electronic states lying outside the fundamental band gap. On surface areas with defect concentration sigmad>=3×10**13 cm−2, the Fermi energy is pinned inside the band gap in defect-derived surface states and tunneling through filled (empty) N-like (Ga-like) states takes place.
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115324 7
Atomic and electronic structure of the nonpolar GaN (1 1̄ 00) surface / Bertelli, Matteo; Löptien, P.; Wenderoth, M.; Rizzi, Angela; Ulbrich, R. G.; Righi, Maria Clelia; Ferretti, Andrea; Martin Samos, L.; Bertoni, Carlo Maria; Catellani, A.. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW. B, CONDENSED MATTER AND MATERIALS PHYSICS. - ISSN 1098-0121. - STAMPA. - 80:(2009), pp. 115324 1-115324 7. [10.1103/PhysRevB.80.115324]
Bertelli, Matteo; Löptien, P.; Wenderoth, M.; Rizzi, Angela; Ulbrich, R. G.; Righi, Maria Clelia; Ferretti, Andrea; Martin Samos, L.; Bertoni, Carlo Maria; Catellani, A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1115968
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