The present paper reports a numerical study of the aerodynamic properties for a novel disc-shaped airship. Different configurations are considered, some of which present a circular opening connecting the bottom and top surface of the airship. The aim of the study is to understand the flow dynamics, in order to define the aerodynamic efficiency and the stability properties of the flying vehicle. Such information is crucial for the design of the propulsion system and of the mission profile of these innovative airships. Results show that, in general, disc-shaped airships are characterized by large values of drag and small levels of lift. Interestingly, it appears that lift keeps increasing up to very high angles of attack. This feature is found to be related with strong tip effects, which induce a significant flow of air from the high-pressure region at the bottom surface to the low-pressure region at the top surface. This air flow energizes the upper boundary layer, thus contrasting the flow separation on the top surface. This phenomenon is found to be useful for the stability properties of the airship: in fact, it shifts the center of pressure closer to the geometrical center of the airship, hence implying a reduction of the aerodynamic moment. The role of openings is also addressed and found to positively contribute to the stability properties of the airship, by further reducing the levels of aerodynamic moment.

The present paper reports a numerical study of the aerodynamic properties for a novel disc-shaped airship. Different configurations are considered, some of which present a circular opening connecting the bottom and top surface of the airship. The aim of the study is to understand the flow dynamics, in order to define the aerodynamic efficiency and the stability properties of the flying vehicle. Such information is crucial for the design of the propulsion system and of the mission profile of these innovative airships. Results show that, in general, disc-shaped airships are characterized by large values of drag and small levels of lift. Interestingly, it appears that lift keeps increasing up to very high angles of attack. This feature is found to be related with strong tip effects, which induce a significant flow of air from the high-pressure region at the bottom surface to the low-pressure region at the top surface. This air flow energizes the upper boundary layer, thus contrasting the flow separation on the top surface. This phenomenon is found to be useful for the stability properties of the airship: in fact, it shifts the center of pressure closer to the geometrical center of the airship, hence implying a reduction of the aerodynamic moment. The role of openings is also addressed and found to positively contribute to the stability properties of the airship, by further reducing the levels of aerodynamic moment.

Aerodynamic Study of Advanced Airship Shapes / Cimarelli, Andrea; Madonia, Mauro; Angeli, Diego; Dumas, Antonio. - In: JOURNAL OF AEROSPACE ENGINEERING. - ISSN 0893-1321. - 30:3(2017), pp. 1-7. [10.1061/(ASCE)AS.1943-5525.0000687]

Aerodynamic Study of Advanced Airship Shapes

CIMARELLI, ANDREA;MADONIA, MAURO;ANGELI, Diego;DUMAS, Antonio
2017

Abstract

The present paper reports a numerical study of the aerodynamic properties for a novel disc-shaped airship. Different configurations are considered, some of which present a circular opening connecting the bottom and top surface of the airship. The aim of the study is to understand the flow dynamics, in order to define the aerodynamic efficiency and the stability properties of the flying vehicle. Such information is crucial for the design of the propulsion system and of the mission profile of these innovative airships. Results show that, in general, disc-shaped airships are characterized by large values of drag and small levels of lift. Interestingly, it appears that lift keeps increasing up to very high angles of attack. This feature is found to be related with strong tip effects, which induce a significant flow of air from the high-pressure region at the bottom surface to the low-pressure region at the top surface. This air flow energizes the upper boundary layer, thus contrasting the flow separation on the top surface. This phenomenon is found to be useful for the stability properties of the airship: in fact, it shifts the center of pressure closer to the geometrical center of the airship, hence implying a reduction of the aerodynamic moment. The role of openings is also addressed and found to positively contribute to the stability properties of the airship, by further reducing the levels of aerodynamic moment.
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Aerodynamic Study of Advanced Airship Shapes / Cimarelli, Andrea; Madonia, Mauro; Angeli, Diego; Dumas, Antonio. - In: JOURNAL OF AEROSPACE ENGINEERING. - ISSN 0893-1321. - 30:3(2017), pp. 1-7. [10.1061/(ASCE)AS.1943-5525.0000687]
Cimarelli, Andrea; Madonia, Mauro; Angeli, Diego; Dumas, Antonio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/1115555
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