The heterotrimeric CCAAT-binding factor NF-Y controls the expression of a multitude of genes involved in cell cycle progression. NF-YA is present in two alternatively spliced isoforms, NF-YAs and NF-YAl, differing in 28 aminoacids in the N-terminal Q-rich activation domain. NF-YAs has been identified as a regulator of stemness and proliferation in mouse embryonic cells (mESCs) and human hematopoietic stem cells (hHSCs), whereas the role of NF-YAl is not clear. In the muscle system, NF-YA expression is observed in proliferating cells, but barely detectable in terminally differentiated cells in vitro and adult skeletal muscle in vivo. Here, we show that NF-YA inactivation in mouse myoblasts impairs both proliferation and differentiation. The overexpression of the two NF-YA isoforms differentially affects myoblasts fate: NF-YAs enhance cell proliferation, while NF-YAl boosts differentiation. The molecular mechanisms were investigated by expression profilings, detailing the opposite programs of the two isoforms. Bioinformatic analysis of the regulated promoters failed to detect a significant presence of CCAAT boxes in the regulated genes. NF-YAl activates directly Mef2D, Six genes, and p57kip2 (Cdkn1c), and indirectly the myogenic regulatory factors (MRFs). Specifically, Cdkn1c activation is induced by NF-Y binding to its CCAAT promoter and by reducing the expression of the lncRNA Kcnq1ot1, a negative regulator of Cdkn1c transcription. Overall, our results indicate that NF-YA alternative splicing is an influential muscle cell determinant, through direct regulation of selected cell cycle blocking genes, and, directly and indirectly, of muscle-specific transcription factors.
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|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Titolo:||NF-YA splice variants have different roles on muscle differentiation|
|Autori:||Basile, Valentina; Baruffaldi, Fiorenza; Dolfini, Diletta; Belluti, Silvia; Benatti, Paolo; Ricci, Laura; Artusi, Valentina; Tagliafico, Enrico; Mantovani, Roberto; Molinari, Susanna; Imbriano, Carol|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.bbagrm.2016.02.011|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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