The paper focuses on the analysis of an industrial ceramic kiln in order to improve the energy efficiency and thus the fuel consumption as well as the pollutant emissions. A lumped and distributed parameter model of the entire system is constructed to simulate the performance of the kiln under actual operating conditions. The model is able to predict accurately the temperature distribution along the different modules of the kiln and the operation of the many natural gas burners employed to provide the required thermal power. Furthermore, the temperature of the tiles is also simulated so that the quality of the final product can be addressed by the modelling. Numerical results are validated against experimental measurements carried out on a real ceramic kiln during regular production operations. The developed numerical model demonstrates to be an efficient tool for the investigation of different design solutions for the kiln’s components. In addition, a number of control strategies for the system working conditions can be simulated and compared in order to define the best trade off in terms of fuel consumption, emissions and product quality. In particular, the paper analyzes the effect of a new burner type characterized by internal heat recovery capability aimed at improving the energy efficiency of the ceramic kiln. The fuel saving and the relating reduction of carbon dioxide emissions resulted in the order of 10% when compared to the standard burner.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Titolo:||Numerical analysis of an entire ceramic kiln under actual operating conditions for the energy efficiency improvement|
|Autore/i:||Montorsi, Luca; Milani, Massimo; Stefani, Matteo; Saponelli, Roberto; Lizzano, Maurizio|
|Nome del convegno:||11th Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems – SDEWES Conference|
|Luogo del convegno:||Lisbon - Portugal|
|Data del convegno:||4-9/9/2016|
|Tipologia||Relazione in Atti di Convegno|
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