In most vertebrates, the regenerative capacity to restore lost/damage tissues to original structure and functionality decreases at some time during ontogenesis. To evaluate the role of the acquired immunity in the decline of regenerative potential, we examined the cellular responses elicited in the spleen during skin repair in Xenopus adults. Modifications in the architecture were found to be induced and were remarkable 14 days postinjury when the spleen increased significantly in size. In white pulp, the periarteriolar lymphoid sheaths were associated with follicles having central light zones, morphologically similar to germinal centers. With the progress of healing, pigment-containing cells were seen to accumulate in both white and red pulp regions. Moreover, compared to controls, the cells immunoreactive to anti-cytokines (TNF-α, TGF-β1) and -iNOS increased from the first days after wounding. The 14th day, the positive cells formed a dense network of reticular cells in central regions of lymphoid follicles and more frequent reactive leukocytes were detected within the red pulp. A higher number of lymphoid cells immunostained with anti-CD3ε were also observed in the perifollicular zone. The results suggest that the spleen of adult frogs is involved in skin wound healing with the expansion of lymphoid compartments.

The spleen and skin wound healing in Xenopus adults / Franchini, Antonella; Della Rocca, Annalaura; Bertolotti, Evelina. - In: JOURNAL OF MORPHOLOGY. - ISSN 0362-2525. - STAMPA. - 277(2016), pp. 888-895.

The spleen and skin wound healing in Xenopus adults

FRANCHINI, Antonella;BERTOLOTTI, EVELINA
2016

Abstract

In most vertebrates, the regenerative capacity to restore lost/damage tissues to original structure and functionality decreases at some time during ontogenesis. To evaluate the role of the acquired immunity in the decline of regenerative potential, we examined the cellular responses elicited in the spleen during skin repair in Xenopus adults. Modifications in the architecture were found to be induced and were remarkable 14 days postinjury when the spleen increased significantly in size. In white pulp, the periarteriolar lymphoid sheaths were associated with follicles having central light zones, morphologically similar to germinal centers. With the progress of healing, pigment-containing cells were seen to accumulate in both white and red pulp regions. Moreover, compared to controls, the cells immunoreactive to anti-cytokines (TNF-α, TGF-β1) and -iNOS increased from the first days after wounding. The 14th day, the positive cells formed a dense network of reticular cells in central regions of lymphoid follicles and more frequent reactive leukocytes were detected within the red pulp. A higher number of lymphoid cells immunostained with anti-CD3ε were also observed in the perifollicular zone. The results suggest that the spleen of adult frogs is involved in skin wound healing with the expansion of lymphoid compartments.
5-apr-2016
277
888
895
The spleen and skin wound healing in Xenopus adults / Franchini, Antonella; Della Rocca, Annalaura; Bertolotti, Evelina. - In: JOURNAL OF MORPHOLOGY. - ISSN 0362-2525. - STAMPA. - 277(2016), pp. 888-895.
Franchini, Antonella; Della Rocca, Annalaura; Bertolotti, Evelina
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/1111447
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