Rock investigation is definitely not a recent application of Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) technique, as first studies date back to the seventies. However, only in the last decade research activities have started to address GPR characterization of rock fracture parameters, namely aperture and filling material. Rock fractures can generally be considered as thin beds, i.e., two interfaces whose distance is smaller than radar range resolution. Most of the past studies analyzed thin-bed response in the time domain, addressing time resolution, the linear relationship between bed thickness and reflected amplitude, and the derivative effect upon the incident signal. Amplitude calibration might permit to estimate fracture features for arbitrarily thin beds, but it is difficult to achieve and could be applied only to favorable cases. In this paper we explore the possibility to estimate fracture thickness and filling in the frequency domain by means of GPR. After reviewing the theoretical aspects of thin-bed response, we processed GPR data collected on ornamental marble blocks, where fractures of known aperture were simulated. We also performed numerical modelling tests to support the analysis of real datasets. Our approach consists of a 4-step procedure in which deterministic deconvolution is used to retrieve magnitude and phase thin-bed response in the selected frequency band. The procedure provided satisfactory outcomes when applied to real as well as to modelled thin-bed reflections. Results are encouraging and suggest that, under favorable circumstances, GPR could be a fast and effective tool to determine fracture parameters in non-destructive manner. Further testing is needed in order to fine-tune the processing sequence and to extend the validity of our preliminary findings to more complex case studies.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Titolo:||Fracture thickness from GPR measurements|
|Autori:||Arosio, Diego; Zanzi, Luigi; Longoni, Laura; Papini, Monica|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1109/IWAGPR.2015.7292656|
|Data del convegno:||07– 10 July 2015|
|Nome del convegno:||8th International Workshop on Advanced Ground Penetrating Radar, IWAGPR 2015|
|Luogo del convegno:||Firenze; Italy|
|Titolo del libro:||2015 8th International Workshop on Advanced Ground Penetrating Radar, IWAGPR 2015|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Relazione in Atti di Convegno|
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