Functional activity changes in 35 selected structures of the rat brainstem elicited by subcutaneous formalin injection in a forepaw were investigated by the [14C]2-deoxyglucose method in unanesthetized, freely moving animals. Experiments were initiated 2 min ("early" group) or 60 min ("late" group) after the injection. Treatment induced a significant increase of [14C]2-deoxyglucose uptake relative to controls in 17 structures of the "early" group, including portions of the bulbar, pontine and mesencephalic reticular formation, nucleus raphe magnus, median and dorsal raphe nuclei, the ventrolateral and dorsal subdivisions of the periaqueductal gray matter, deep layers of the superior colliculus and the anterior pretectal nucleus. Most changes were bilateral, with the exception of the increases observed in the nucleus reticularis paragigantocellularis and the lateral parabrachial area, which were contralateral, and the one in the mesencephalic reticular formation, which was ipsilateral to the injected paw. In pentobarbital-anesthetized rats a significant difference in metabolic activity values between formalin- and saline-injected animals was only detected at the medullary level. In the "late" unanesthetized formalin group functional activity levels were higher than controls in four structures, including the lateral reticular and paragigantocellular nuclei, contralaterally, and nucleus cuneiformis and ventrolateral periaqueductal gray matter, bilaterally. No between-groups difference was observed in visual or auditory structures. These results provide evidence for activation of several brainstem regions, which are conceivably involved in different sensory, motivational or motor circuits, during the initial phase of formalin-evoked noxious stimulation in unanesthetized animals. Functional changes blunted over time as did pain-related behavior integrated at the supraspinal level, but they persisted in some brainstem regions for which involvement in endogenous antinociceptive systems have been suggested. The mechanisms underlying these time-related changes need to be clarified. © 1991.
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|Data di pubblicazione:||1991|
|Titolo:||Functional activity mapping of the rat brainstem during formalin-induced noxious stimulation|
|Autori:||Porro, C.A; Cavazzuti, M.; Galetti, A.; Sassatelli, L.|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/0306-4522(91)90358-U|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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