Volcanic ash powders from Etna (Italy) and Cameroon were used as the principal source of aluminosilicate to produce geopolymers with the potential for making building products. The volcanic ash was ball milled and reacted with concentrated alkaline solutions for polymerisation and subsequent curing at 75-400 °C for 12-48 h. It was found that the gel was more viscous than a similar gel formed from metakaolin. Geopolymers made from both ashes had bulk densities of 1.7-2.0 g/cm3 and water absorption values of 20-25 %. Their compressive strength values were 25-35 MPa and the bi-axial four-point flexura! strength values ranged from 14-20 MPa. These values increased by 20 % when cured for 21 d after 90 d storage. It was also found that by curing at 200-400 °C the mechanical properties increased. Scanning electron micrographs showed that with thermal curing microcrystalline phases were present along with undissolved crystalline phases. These phases remained bound to the matrix and acted as a filler for strengthening the materials. The Ca, Mg and Fe present as impurities in the volcanic ash formed some of these crystalline phases and did not form any deleterious hydroxide or carbonate phases.
Attenzione! Scheda prodotto non ancora validata dall'Ateneo
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Titolo:||Investigation of volcanic ash based geopolymers as potential building materials|
|Autori:||Kamseu, E.; Leonelli, C.; Perera, D.S.; Melo, U.C.; Lemougna, P.N.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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