International guidelines recommend that positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) should replace CT in Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). The aims of this study were to compare PET-CT with CT for staging and measure agreement between expert and local readers, using a 5-point scale (Deauville criteria), to adapt treatment in a clinical trial: Response-Adapted Therapy in Advanced Hodgkin Lymphoma (RATHL). Patients were staged using clinical assessment, CT, and bone marrow biopsy (RATHL stage). PET-CT was performed at baseline (PET0) and after 2 chemotherapy cycles (PET2) in a response-adapted design.PET-CTwasreported centrally by experts at 5 national core laboratories. Local readers optionally scored PET2scans. TheRATHLand PET-CT stages were compared. Agreement among experts and between expert and local readers was measured. RATHL and PET0 stage were concordant in 938 (80%) patients. PET-CT upstaged 159 (14%) and downstaged 74 (6%) patients. Upstaging by extranodal disease in bone marrow (92), lung (11), or multiple sites (12) on PET-CT accounted for most discrepancies. Follow-up of discrepant findings confirmed the PET characterization of lesions in the vast majority. Five patients were upstaged by marrow biopsy and 7 by contrast-enhanced CT in the bowel and/or liver or spleen. PET2 agreement among experts (140 scans) with a k (95% confidence interval) of 0.84 (0.76-0.91) was very good and between experts and local readers (300 scans) at 0.77 (0.68-0.86) was good. These results confirm PET-CT as the modern standard for staging HL and that response assessment using Deauville criteria is robust, enabling translation of RATHL results into clinical practice.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Titolo:||PET-CT for staging and early response: Results from the Response-Adapted Therapy in Advanced Hodgkin Lymphoma study|
|Autori:||Barrington, Sally F; Kirkwood, Amy A.; Franceschetto, Antonella; Fulham, Michael J.; Roberts, Thomas H.; Almquist, Helén; Brun, Eva; Hjorthaug, Karin; Viney, Zaid N.; Pike, Lucy C.; Federico, Massimo; Luminari, Stefano; Radford, John; Trotman, Judith; Fosså, Alexander; Berkahn, Leanne; Molin, Daniel; D'Amore, Francesco; Sinclair, Donald A.; Smith, Paul; O'Doherty, Michael J.; Stevens, Lindsey; Johnson, Peter W.|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1182/blood-2015-11-679407|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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