Objective: To evaluate the effect on ovarian reserve and blood flow of unilateral laparoscopic stripping of endometriotic versus non-endometriotic cysts.Design: Prospective observational study.Setting: Tertiary university gynecology unit.Patients: During the study period, 71 subjects underwent the first laparoscopic surgery for removal of a monolateral benign ovarian cyst.Interventions: Trans-vaginal ultrasound scans of the pelvis about six months after surgery.Main outcome measures: Ovarian volume, Antral Follicle Count (AFC) and Resistance Index (RI) of ovarian artery of the operated and the contralateral ovary.Results: Among 71 cysts, 39.4% were endometriotic and 60.6% non-endometriotic benign cysts. All the procedures were performed by the same experienced surgeons with a standardized technique. No major complications were reported during surgery. The mean (±SD) age and BMI of women were 31.0 ± 6.8 years and 24.2 ± 3.3 kg/m2, respectively. Mean diameter of the removed cysts was smaller for endometriotic than non-endometriotic cysts (4.35 ± 1.77 cm versus 6.33 ± 3.71 cm, p = 0.046). In comparison to non-operated, volume of the operated ovary was significantly lower and with a reduced AFC, with no difference between endometriotic and non-endometriotic cysts (-2.41 ± 2.35 versus -2.00 ± 2.23 cm3, p = 0.496) (-3.45 ± 3.07 versus -2.43 ± 1.95, p = 0.11). Ovarian artery RI was higher in the operated ovary with no difference between endometriotic and non-endometriotic cysts (0.19 ± 0.14 versus 0.14 ± 0.10, p = 0.455). The difference in ovarian volume (r = 0.178), AFC (r = 0.094) and RI (r = 0.079) between operated and non-operated ovary was not dependent on the diameter of the removed cyst.Conclusion: Ovarian surgery is associated with a decline of ovarian reserve, independently on the histological type and the diameter of the removed cyst.

Impact of laparoscopic cystectomy of endometriotic and non-endometriotic cysts on ovarian volume, antral follicle count (AFC) and ovarian doppler velocimetry / Cagnacci, Angelo; Bellafronte, Manuela; Xholli, Anjeza; Palma, Federica; Carbone, Maria Maddalena; Di Carlo, Costantino; Grandi, Giovanni. - In: GYNECOLOGICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY. - ISSN 0951-3590. - STAMPA. - 32:(2016), pp. 298-301. [10.3109/09513590.2016.1142523]

Impact of laparoscopic cystectomy of endometriotic and non-endometriotic cysts on ovarian volume, antral follicle count (AFC) and ovarian doppler velocimetry

CAGNACCI, Angelo;XHOLLI, ANJEZA;Palma, Federica;Carbone, Maria Maddalena;GRANDI, GIOVANNI
2016

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the effect on ovarian reserve and blood flow of unilateral laparoscopic stripping of endometriotic versus non-endometriotic cysts.Design: Prospective observational study.Setting: Tertiary university gynecology unit.Patients: During the study period, 71 subjects underwent the first laparoscopic surgery for removal of a monolateral benign ovarian cyst.Interventions: Trans-vaginal ultrasound scans of the pelvis about six months after surgery.Main outcome measures: Ovarian volume, Antral Follicle Count (AFC) and Resistance Index (RI) of ovarian artery of the operated and the contralateral ovary.Results: Among 71 cysts, 39.4% were endometriotic and 60.6% non-endometriotic benign cysts. All the procedures were performed by the same experienced surgeons with a standardized technique. No major complications were reported during surgery. The mean (±SD) age and BMI of women were 31.0 ± 6.8 years and 24.2 ± 3.3 kg/m2, respectively. Mean diameter of the removed cysts was smaller for endometriotic than non-endometriotic cysts (4.35 ± 1.77 cm versus 6.33 ± 3.71 cm, p = 0.046). In comparison to non-operated, volume of the operated ovary was significantly lower and with a reduced AFC, with no difference between endometriotic and non-endometriotic cysts (-2.41 ± 2.35 versus -2.00 ± 2.23 cm3, p = 0.496) (-3.45 ± 3.07 versus -2.43 ± 1.95, p = 0.11). Ovarian artery RI was higher in the operated ovary with no difference between endometriotic and non-endometriotic cysts (0.19 ± 0.14 versus 0.14 ± 0.10, p = 0.455). The difference in ovarian volume (r = 0.178), AFC (r = 0.094) and RI (r = 0.079) between operated and non-operated ovary was not dependent on the diameter of the removed cyst.Conclusion: Ovarian surgery is associated with a decline of ovarian reserve, independently on the histological type and the diameter of the removed cyst.
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Impact of laparoscopic cystectomy of endometriotic and non-endometriotic cysts on ovarian volume, antral follicle count (AFC) and ovarian doppler velocimetry / Cagnacci, Angelo; Bellafronte, Manuela; Xholli, Anjeza; Palma, Federica; Carbone, Maria Maddalena; Di Carlo, Costantino; Grandi, Giovanni. - In: GYNECOLOGICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY. - ISSN 0951-3590. - STAMPA. - 32:(2016), pp. 298-301. [10.3109/09513590.2016.1142523]
Cagnacci, Angelo; Bellafronte, Manuela; Xholli, Anjeza; Palma, Federica; Carbone, Maria Maddalena; Di Carlo, Costantino; Grandi, Giovanni
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/1105117
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