Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a life-threatening genetic disorder characterized by chronic hemolytic anemia, vascular injury and multiorgan dysfunctions. Over the last few decades, there have been significant improvements in SCD management in Western countries, especially in pediatric population. An early onset of prophylaxis with Penicillin and a proper treatment of the infections have increased the overall survival in childhood. Nevertheless, management of painful episodes and prevention of organ damage are still challenging and more efforts are needed to better understand the mechanisms behind the development of chronic organ damages. Hydroxyurea (Hydroxycarbamide, HU), the only medication approved as a disease-modifying agent by the United States Food and Drug Administration and the European Medicines Agency, is usually under-used, especially in developing countries. Currently, hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation is considered the only curative option, although its use is limited by lack of donors and transplant-related toxicity. SCD symptoms are similar in children and adults, but complications and systemic organ damages increase with age, leading to early mortality worldwide. Experts in comprehensive care of young patients with SCD, especially those approaching the transition age to adulthood, are missing, leading people to rely on urgent care, increasing health care utilization costs and inappropriate treatments. It would be important to establish programs of comprehensive healthcare for patients with SCD from birth to adulthood, to improve their quality and expectancy of life.
Novel insights in the management of sickle cell disease in childhood / Iughetti, Lorenzo; Bigi, E; Venturelli, D.. - In: WORLD JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PEDIATRICS. - ISSN 2219-2808. - STAMPA. - 5(2016), pp. 25-34.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Titolo:||Novel insights in the management of sickle cell disease in childhood.|
|Autore/i:||Iughetti, Lorenzo; Bigi, E; Venturelli, D.|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.5409/wjcp.v5.i1.25|
|Codice identificativo Pubmed:||26862499|
|Citazione:||Novel insights in the management of sickle cell disease in childhood / Iughetti, Lorenzo; Bigi, E; Venturelli, D.. - In: WORLD JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PEDIATRICS. - ISSN 2219-2808. - STAMPA. - 5(2016), pp. 25-34.|
|Tipologia||Articolo su rivista|
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