Background: PHPT is the third most common endocrine disease, but it remains often overlooked and underdiagnosed. Several strategies, including biochemical markers used alone or combined in complex algorithms, have been investigated in the past with the aim to identify tools useful to easily diagnose or screen PHPT. At present, however, the diagnosis of PHPT remains challenging, especially in asymptomatic patients. As serum calcium (Ca) and phosphorous (P) are inversely related in PHPT, the Ca/P ratio might be considered a good candidate tool in the diagnosis of PHPT. Surprisingly, no data on Ca/P ratio are available in literature, despite they are very simple biochemical measurements largely available in any clinical laboratory setting. The aim of this study is to investigate the diagnostic value of the Ca/P ratio in the diagnosis of PHPT. Material and Methods: Data retrospectively obtained from review charts of 97 patients with documented PHPT (69 females; 28 males) were compared with those of 96 controls (C) (44 females; 52 males). Exclusion criteria: age <18yrs, severe chronic diseases, cancer, bone metabolic diseases, use of medications affecting serum Ca. Biochemical measurements included PTH, Vitamin D (LIASON, XL, Diasorin device), serum Ca, P, albumin, and creatinine (AU 680 Beckman device). Normal ranges were 15-88 pg/mL, 8.5-11, and 2.5-5.1 mg/dl for PTH, Ca, and P, respectively. SPSS 19.0 and SigmaPlot 11.0 were used for statistical analyses for group comparisons, ROC curves and cutoffs performance. Results: Among PHPT patients, 16 (17%) had severe hypercalcemia (>12 mg/dL), 44 (45%) mild hypercalcemia, and 36 (38%) normocalcemic PHPT (NCHPT). Ca was significantly higher in PHPT (median: 11; min-max: 9.4-15.5) than C (9.4;8.3-10.2) (p<0.0001). P was significantly lower in PHPT (2.4;1.4-3.9) than in C (3.5;2.1-4.5) (p<0.0001). PTH was significantly higher in PHPT (135.2;57.6-1748) than in C (32.1;14-106.1) (p<0.0001). Ca/P ratio was significantly higher in PHPT than in C. ROC curves analyses identified a cutoff of 3.5 for both Ca/P ratio and Ca/P ratio obtained by using Ca corrected by albumin. The sensitivity and specificity were 86% and 87%, respectively for Ca/P ratio and 89% and 93%, respectively for corrected Ca/P ratio (p<0.0001).The diagnostic value of Ca/P ratio was significantly better if compared with PTH and Ca used alone or in combination. Conclusions: Ca/P ratio is a valuable highly sensitive, highly specific tool for the diagnosis of PHPT. Considering that Ca/P is simple to obtain, easily accessible in every clinical and laboratory setting worldwide, and inexpensive even when used in large sample size of patients, this diagnostic tool could be useful for screening PHPT, especially in patients accessing emergency rooms or in the general practitioner setting. - See more at: http://press.endocrine.org/doi/abs/10.1210/endo-meetings.2016.BCHVD.9.PP26-4#sthash.Onic06Oc.dpuf

Serum Calcium to Phosphorous Ratio (Ca/P) As a Simple, Inexpensive Screening Tool in the Diagnosis of Primary Hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) / Madeo, Bruno; Kara, Elda; Cion, K.; Vezzani, Silvia; Simoni, Manuela; Rochira, Vincenzo. - In: ENDOCRINE REVIEWS. - ISSN 0163-769X. - ELETTRONICO. - 3:(2016), pp. 26-26. ((Intervento presentato al convegno http://press.endocrine.org/doi/abs/10.1210/endo-meetings.2016.BCHVD.9.PP26-4 tenutosi a Boston, MA, USA nel April 1-4, 2016.

Serum Calcium to Phosphorous Ratio (Ca/P) As a Simple, Inexpensive Screening Tool in the Diagnosis of Primary Hyperparathyroidism (PHPT)

MADEO, Bruno;KARA, Elda;Vezzani, Silvia;SIMONI, Manuela;ROCHIRA, Vincenzo
2016

Abstract

Background: PHPT is the third most common endocrine disease, but it remains often overlooked and underdiagnosed. Several strategies, including biochemical markers used alone or combined in complex algorithms, have been investigated in the past with the aim to identify tools useful to easily diagnose or screen PHPT. At present, however, the diagnosis of PHPT remains challenging, especially in asymptomatic patients. As serum calcium (Ca) and phosphorous (P) are inversely related in PHPT, the Ca/P ratio might be considered a good candidate tool in the diagnosis of PHPT. Surprisingly, no data on Ca/P ratio are available in literature, despite they are very simple biochemical measurements largely available in any clinical laboratory setting. The aim of this study is to investigate the diagnostic value of the Ca/P ratio in the diagnosis of PHPT. Material and Methods: Data retrospectively obtained from review charts of 97 patients with documented PHPT (69 females; 28 males) were compared with those of 96 controls (C) (44 females; 52 males). Exclusion criteria: age <18yrs, severe chronic diseases, cancer, bone metabolic diseases, use of medications affecting serum Ca. Biochemical measurements included PTH, Vitamin D (LIASON, XL, Diasorin device), serum Ca, P, albumin, and creatinine (AU 680 Beckman device). Normal ranges were 15-88 pg/mL, 8.5-11, and 2.5-5.1 mg/dl for PTH, Ca, and P, respectively. SPSS 19.0 and SigmaPlot 11.0 were used for statistical analyses for group comparisons, ROC curves and cutoffs performance. Results: Among PHPT patients, 16 (17%) had severe hypercalcemia (>12 mg/dL), 44 (45%) mild hypercalcemia, and 36 (38%) normocalcemic PHPT (NCHPT). Ca was significantly higher in PHPT (median: 11; min-max: 9.4-15.5) than C (9.4;8.3-10.2) (p<0.0001). P was significantly lower in PHPT (2.4;1.4-3.9) than in C (3.5;2.1-4.5) (p<0.0001). PTH was significantly higher in PHPT (135.2;57.6-1748) than in C (32.1;14-106.1) (p<0.0001). Ca/P ratio was significantly higher in PHPT than in C. ROC curves analyses identified a cutoff of 3.5 for both Ca/P ratio and Ca/P ratio obtained by using Ca corrected by albumin. The sensitivity and specificity were 86% and 87%, respectively for Ca/P ratio and 89% and 93%, respectively for corrected Ca/P ratio (p<0.0001).The diagnostic value of Ca/P ratio was significantly better if compared with PTH and Ca used alone or in combination. Conclusions: Ca/P ratio is a valuable highly sensitive, highly specific tool for the diagnosis of PHPT. Considering that Ca/P is simple to obtain, easily accessible in every clinical and laboratory setting worldwide, and inexpensive even when used in large sample size of patients, this diagnostic tool could be useful for screening PHPT, especially in patients accessing emergency rooms or in the general practitioner setting. - See more at: http://press.endocrine.org/doi/abs/10.1210/endo-meetings.2016.BCHVD.9.PP26-4#sthash.Onic06Oc.dpuf
3
26
26
Madeo, Bruno; Kara, Elda; Cion, K.; Vezzani, Silvia; Simoni, Manuela; Rochira, Vincenzo
Serum Calcium to Phosphorous Ratio (Ca/P) As a Simple, Inexpensive Screening Tool in the Diagnosis of Primary Hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) / Madeo, Bruno; Kara, Elda; Cion, K.; Vezzani, Silvia; Simoni, Manuela; Rochira, Vincenzo. - In: ENDOCRINE REVIEWS. - ISSN 0163-769X. - ELETTRONICO. - 3:(2016), pp. 26-26. ((Intervento presentato al convegno http://press.endocrine.org/doi/abs/10.1210/endo-meetings.2016.BCHVD.9.PP26-4 tenutosi a Boston, MA, USA nel April 1-4, 2016.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
0143_Madeo_et_al_PP26-4_Endocrine_Reviews_37_02_ENDO_2016_Boston.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Abstract published in the Proceedings of the Meeting
Tipologia: Versione dell'editore (versione pubblicata)
Dimensione 731.09 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
731.09 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

Licenza Creative Commons
I metadati presenti in IRIS UNIMORE sono rilasciati con licenza Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal, mentre i file delle pubblicazioni sono rilasciati con licenza Attribuzione 4.0 Internazionale (CC BY 4.0), salvo diversa indicazione.
In caso di violazione di copyright, contattare Supporto Iris

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1103568
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact