Organophosphorus compounds are common additives included in liquid lubricants for many applications, in particular automotive applications. Typically, organic phosphites function as friction-modifiers whereas phosphates as anti-wear additives. While the antiwear action of phosphates is now well understood, the mechanism by which phosphites reduce friction is still not clear. Here we study the tribochemistry of both phosphites and phosphates using gas phase lubrication (GPL) and elucidate the microscopic mechanisms that lead to the better frictional properties of phosphites. In particular, by in situ spectroscopic analysis we show that the friction reduction is connected to the presence of iron phosphide, which is formed by tribochemical reactions involving phosphites. The functionality of elemental phosphorus in reducing the friction of iron-based interfaces is elucidated by first principle calculations. In particular, we show that the work of separation and shear strength of iron dramatically decrease by increasing the phosphorus concentration at the interface. These results suggest that the functionality of phosphites as friction modifiers may be related to the amount of elemental phosphorus that they can release at the tribological interface.

Tribochemistry of phosphorus additives: Experiments and first-principles calculations / De Barros Bouchet, M. I; Righi, Maria Clelia; Philippon, D.; Mambingo Doumbe, S.; Le Mogne, T.; Martin, J. M.; Bouffet, A.. - In: RSC ADVANCES. - ISSN 2046-2069. - 5:61(2015), pp. 49270-49279. [10.1039/c5ra00721f]

Tribochemistry of phosphorus additives: Experiments and first-principles calculations

RIGHI, Maria Clelia;
2015

Abstract

Organophosphorus compounds are common additives included in liquid lubricants for many applications, in particular automotive applications. Typically, organic phosphites function as friction-modifiers whereas phosphates as anti-wear additives. While the antiwear action of phosphates is now well understood, the mechanism by which phosphites reduce friction is still not clear. Here we study the tribochemistry of both phosphites and phosphates using gas phase lubrication (GPL) and elucidate the microscopic mechanisms that lead to the better frictional properties of phosphites. In particular, by in situ spectroscopic analysis we show that the friction reduction is connected to the presence of iron phosphide, which is formed by tribochemical reactions involving phosphites. The functionality of elemental phosphorus in reducing the friction of iron-based interfaces is elucidated by first principle calculations. In particular, we show that the work of separation and shear strength of iron dramatically decrease by increasing the phosphorus concentration at the interface. These results suggest that the functionality of phosphites as friction modifiers may be related to the amount of elemental phosphorus that they can release at the tribological interface.
5
61
49270
49279
Tribochemistry of phosphorus additives: Experiments and first-principles calculations / De Barros Bouchet, M. I; Righi, Maria Clelia; Philippon, D.; Mambingo Doumbe, S.; Le Mogne, T.; Martin, J. M.; Bouffet, A.. - In: RSC ADVANCES. - ISSN 2046-2069. - 5:61(2015), pp. 49270-49279. [10.1039/c5ra00721f]
De Barros Bouchet, M. I; Righi, Maria Clelia; Philippon, D.; Mambingo Doumbe, S.; Le Mogne, T.; Martin, J. M.; Bouffet, A.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
RighiTribo15_RSC_Phosphorus (1).pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Versione dell'editore (versione pubblicata)
Dimensione 2.17 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.17 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

Licenza Creative Commons
I metadati presenti in IRIS UNIMORE sono rilasciati con licenza Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal, mentre i file delle pubblicazioni sono rilasciati con licenza Attribuzione 4.0 Internazionale (CC BY 4.0), salvo diversa indicazione.
In caso di violazione di copyright, contattare Supporto Iris

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/1100911
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 31
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 31
social impact