Abstract:BACKGROUND:The bacterial canker, caused by Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae, is the most severe disease of cultivated Actinidia spp. The pathogen is systemic and not easily controlled by agrochemical means. OBJECTIVE:Our aim was to search, select and identify, among kiwifruit bacterial endophytes, possible antagonists able to control Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae. METHODS:Several kiwifruit production areas were inspected, in order to find host plants without any disease symptom inside severely affected orchards. From those plants, endophytes were isolated, selected, tested for their ability to inhibit the growth of the pathogen and identified. RESULTS:A set of 65 different bacterial endophytes was isolated and tested: several of them were able to inhibit the growth of Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae in vitro. None of the antagonists proved to possess either ice nucleation activity or transferable copper resistance. Taxonomically, antagonists belonged to the families of Pseudomonadaceae and Enterobacteriaceae. CONCLUSIONS:Effective bacterial antagonists were found as endophytes in kiwifruit plants and bearing features of safety of use and negligible risk for the crop. Such finding makes it possible to select the most prospective of them, in order to develop efficient biopesticides able control the bacterial canker in commercial orchards.
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|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Titolo:||Isolation of bacterial endophytes from Actinidia chinensis and preliminary studies on their possible use as antagonists against Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae|
|Autori:||Tontou, Rodanthi; Giovanardi, Davide; Ferrari, Michele; Stefani, Emilio|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.3233/JBR-160118|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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