In the central part of the Chubut province, close to the village of Paso de Indios, there are several outcrops of Cenozoic basalts carrying spinel-facies mantle xenoliths. In this area, located in the extra-Andean back-arc, basaltic necks and dikes outcrop between 43° 36′ – 43° 50′ S and 68° 53′ – 69° 02′ W, along with remnants of lava flows, being divided in two groups of Paleocene and Eocene age. This volcanism was generated by extensional tectonic related to an episode of transform plate margin that affected the southern sector of South America western margin from the Paleocene to the Oligocene, as the Aluk plate detached and a slab window opened beneath the study area. In this contribution, the petrochemical processes experienced by mantle xenoliths hosted in Eocene basalts belonging to the Matilde lava flow, the Leon volcano and the Chenque dike, are presented and discussed. The studied samples are mainly spinel-facies harzburgites and clinopyroxene(Cpx)-poor lherzolites, with some dunites. The Chenque xenoliths mainly display porphyroclastic to equigranular texture, whereas those from Matilde and Leon volcanoes have coarse-granular to porphyroclastic textures. Estimated equilibrium temperatures based on pyroxenes solvus range from 800 to 940°C. The overall refractory character of the mineral assemblages is matched by the major element mineral compositions, which are mostly Al-poor and Mg-and-Cr-rich. Spinel composition is consistent with melt extraction from 8 to 14% for Chenque and Leon samples, and from 14 to 18% for the Matilde ones. The estimated degree of partial melting rises up to 24% considering the literature spinel data. However, the occurrence of melt related open-system processes is suggested by local trends of positive correlation between Na and Cr# in Cpx, being fully confirmed by the trace element compositions. In particular, the Matilde harzburgites ubiquitously show Cpx with transient U-shaped REE patterns. The LREE fractionation is very strong, with LaN up to 100 and REE patterns minimum in the M-HREE region between 0.1-1 xCI. The HREE level content (LuN down to 1 xCI) is consistent with 20-23% fractional melting of spinel DM. V-to-U-shaped REE patterns are also shown by Chenque lherzolites and harzburgites. Their M/HREE are significantly more fractionated than that expected in residue after spinel-facies basalt removal, thus suggesting an onset of the partial melting process at garnet facies conditions. Other Chenque lherzolites experienced a more pronounced refertilisation process led by LREE-enriched to LREE-depleted melts. The latter gave rise to peculiar, transient LREE-depleted sinusoidal patterns in Cpxs through reaction with the depleted ambient peridotite. A refertilised geochemical composition is also shown by the Leon samples, with harzburgite Cpxs resulting enriched in highly-incompatible elements such as U, Th, Sr and LREE. The data presented in this study, in combination with those from the literature, allow us to conclude that the shallow mantle column beneath Paso de Indios was strongly refractory in origin, being successively affected by multiple events of melt migration. These letter, however, were able to produce only an incomplete refertilisation of the depleted protoliths, which still record geochemical gradients developed during the interaction with both LREEenriched and LREE-depleted migrating melts. These petrochemical features make the Paso de Indios mantle column a unique study case in the Patagonian region, where the composition of the shallow mantle is usually completely overprinted by multiple stages of melt/fluid migration.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Titolo:||Multiple refertilisation of a strongly refractory mantle column in the extra-Andean back-arc (Paso de Indios, Argentina)|
|Autore/i:||Zanetti, Alberto; Bertotto, Gustavo W.; Mazzucchelli, Maurizio; Ponce, Alexis D.; Giovanardi, Tommaso; Brunelli, Daniele; Aragón, Eugenio; Bernardi, Mauro I.; Hémond, Christophe|
|Citazione:||Multiple refertilisation of a strongly refractory mantle column in the extra-Andean back-arc (Paso de Indios, Argentina) / Zanetti, Alberto; Bertotto, Gustavo W.; Mazzucchelli, Maurizio; Ponce, Alexis D.; Giovanardi, Tommaso; Brunelli, Daniele; Aragón, Eugenio; Bernardi, Mauro I.; Hémond, Christophe. - In: MINERALOGIA. - ISSN 1899-8291. - 43(2015), pp. 103-104. ((Intervento presentato al convegno 2nd European Mantle Workshop tenutosi a Wrocław (Poland) nel 25-28 August 2015.|
|Tipologia||Abstract in Rivista|
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