A new LA-ICP-HRMS investigation of transparent zircons, unzoned and smoky at cathodoluminescence (CL), separated from chromitite layers segregated in mantle dunite bodies belonging to the Phlogopite Peridotite unit (hereafter PP) of the Finero Complex (Ivrea –Verbano Zone, Southern Alps) provides single-spot 206Pb/238U Lower Jurassic ages between 200 to 180 Ma, with a pronounced peak at around 190 Ma. Relevant exception is represented by two pinky zircons showing relics of zoning at CL, with darker cores that give Triassic ages from 240 to 230 Ma. The presence of continental crust component(s) evidenced by the negative EpsilonHf of the zircons, the strict similarity of the trace element contents shown by clinopyroxenes and amphiboles from chromitites and the phlogopite harzburgites and pyroxenites hosting the dunite bodies, as well as the complete to partial disappearance of olivine replaced by orthopyroxene, indicate that the parent melts of the chromitites had a cognate origin with the hydrous LILE-enriched silica-saturated melts responsible of the pervasive metasomatism recorded by the Finero mantle sequence. The combination of our data with those reported in literature for the PP chromitite zircons determines a large age interval ranging from 290 to 180 Ma. However, zircon populations with different U-Pb ages show EpsilonHf very similar to that found in this study. The latter evidence, together with the rejuvenation of the ages with the disappearing of the internal structures suggest that the large age variability is the result of a prolonged residence at mantle/lower crustal depths of the PP, characterised by progressive reequilibration stages of the U-Pb zircon system. Thus, it is here proposed that the segregation of the zircon-bearing chromitite layers was related to the pervasive metasomatic event, which occurred at ~290 Ma or before. Successively, the U-Pb zircon system remained virtually unperturbed until Middle Triassic,when the area was affected by at least two main magmatic cycles with tholeiitic to Na-alkaline geochemical affinity associated to tectonic instability. The consequent thermal perturbations induced re-equilibration stages of the chromitite zircons, which ended with the Early Jurassic exhumation documented by the U-Pb ages of chromitite zircons of this study. Our data are in agreement with the interpretation that the Early Jurassic extensional tectonics was characterised by an important reheating event at 190 Ma, possibly due to lithospheric hyperextension. Such a scenario considers that the PP unit resided at mantle depths during Early Permian, being possibly emplaced at crustal levels only thanks to trans-lithospheric faults during the Early Jurassic. This evolution is completely different with respect to the present day interpretation of the geodynamic history of the mantle bodies in the Val Sesia area, which are believed to have been emplaced within the continental crust, as part of accretionary prisms, since the end of the Variscan orogeny or before. This evidence confirms that the northernmost part of the Ivrea-Verbano Zone underwent peculiar Paleozoic to Mesozoic geodynamic processes, thus unravelling important additional complexities to the interpretation of the geodynamic evolution of the area now related to the Southern Alps.

LAM U-Pb zircon Early Jurassic exhumation age of the Finero Phlogopite Peridotite (Ivrea-Verbano Zone, Western Alps) and its geodynamic consequences / Zanetti, Alberto; Giovanardi, Tommaso; Mazzucchelli, Maurizio; Langone, Antonio; Tiepolo, Massimo. - In: MINERALOGIA. - ISSN 1899-8291. - STAMPA. - 43:(2015), pp. 105-106. ((Intervento presentato al convegno 2nd European Mantle Workshop tenutosi a Wrocław (Poland) nel 25-28 August 2015.

LAM U-Pb zircon Early Jurassic exhumation age of the Finero Phlogopite Peridotite (Ivrea-Verbano Zone, Western Alps) and its geodynamic consequences

GIOVANARDI, TOMMASO;MAZZUCCHELLI, Maurizio;
2015

Abstract

A new LA-ICP-HRMS investigation of transparent zircons, unzoned and smoky at cathodoluminescence (CL), separated from chromitite layers segregated in mantle dunite bodies belonging to the Phlogopite Peridotite unit (hereafter PP) of the Finero Complex (Ivrea –Verbano Zone, Southern Alps) provides single-spot 206Pb/238U Lower Jurassic ages between 200 to 180 Ma, with a pronounced peak at around 190 Ma. Relevant exception is represented by two pinky zircons showing relics of zoning at CL, with darker cores that give Triassic ages from 240 to 230 Ma. The presence of continental crust component(s) evidenced by the negative EpsilonHf of the zircons, the strict similarity of the trace element contents shown by clinopyroxenes and amphiboles from chromitites and the phlogopite harzburgites and pyroxenites hosting the dunite bodies, as well as the complete to partial disappearance of olivine replaced by orthopyroxene, indicate that the parent melts of the chromitites had a cognate origin with the hydrous LILE-enriched silica-saturated melts responsible of the pervasive metasomatism recorded by the Finero mantle sequence. The combination of our data with those reported in literature for the PP chromitite zircons determines a large age interval ranging from 290 to 180 Ma. However, zircon populations with different U-Pb ages show EpsilonHf very similar to that found in this study. The latter evidence, together with the rejuvenation of the ages with the disappearing of the internal structures suggest that the large age variability is the result of a prolonged residence at mantle/lower crustal depths of the PP, characterised by progressive reequilibration stages of the U-Pb zircon system. Thus, it is here proposed that the segregation of the zircon-bearing chromitite layers was related to the pervasive metasomatic event, which occurred at ~290 Ma or before. Successively, the U-Pb zircon system remained virtually unperturbed until Middle Triassic,when the area was affected by at least two main magmatic cycles with tholeiitic to Na-alkaline geochemical affinity associated to tectonic instability. The consequent thermal perturbations induced re-equilibration stages of the chromitite zircons, which ended with the Early Jurassic exhumation documented by the U-Pb ages of chromitite zircons of this study. Our data are in agreement with the interpretation that the Early Jurassic extensional tectonics was characterised by an important reheating event at 190 Ma, possibly due to lithospheric hyperextension. Such a scenario considers that the PP unit resided at mantle depths during Early Permian, being possibly emplaced at crustal levels only thanks to trans-lithospheric faults during the Early Jurassic. This evolution is completely different with respect to the present day interpretation of the geodynamic history of the mantle bodies in the Val Sesia area, which are believed to have been emplaced within the continental crust, as part of accretionary prisms, since the end of the Variscan orogeny or before. This evidence confirms that the northernmost part of the Ivrea-Verbano Zone underwent peculiar Paleozoic to Mesozoic geodynamic processes, thus unravelling important additional complexities to the interpretation of the geodynamic evolution of the area now related to the Southern Alps.
43
105
106
Zanetti, Alberto; Giovanardi, Tommaso; Mazzucchelli, Maurizio; Langone, Antonio; Tiepolo, Massimo
LAM U-Pb zircon Early Jurassic exhumation age of the Finero Phlogopite Peridotite (Ivrea-Verbano Zone, Western Alps) and its geodynamic consequences / Zanetti, Alberto; Giovanardi, Tommaso; Mazzucchelli, Maurizio; Langone, Antonio; Tiepolo, Massimo. - In: MINERALOGIA. - ISSN 1899-8291. - STAMPA. - 43:(2015), pp. 105-106. ((Intervento presentato al convegno 2nd European Mantle Workshop tenutosi a Wrocław (Poland) nel 25-28 August 2015.
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