The aim of this study was to evaluate how different memory disorders affect subjective time durations. For this purpose we studied prospective time estimations in 4 amnesic (A) and in 15 Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients, and compared their performance with that of 5 matched young normal controls (YC) and 15 elderly subjects (EC). For the short-time durations we asked the subject to repeatedly reproduce a standard interval of 1 s. To test how subjects evaluated longer time durations, we choose a verbal estimation procedure. The subjects' task was to read either 5, 10, 20, or 40 digits appearing one at a time, while concurrently keeping the rhythm of 1 key press per second. At the end of each sequence, subjects had to judge the elapsed time from the beginning of the trial. Results showed that amnesics can correctly reproduce 1-s intervals. However, their accuracy of verbal estimates of longer durations was severely impaired. AD patients showed increased variability on repeated reproduction of 1-s intervals and were both inaccurate and imprecise in their verbal estimate of longer durations. Using the framework of the Scalar Timing Model, we conclude that amnesic patients exhibit a deficit in encoding and storing the current time for intervals that exceed their short-term memory range, while AD patients show a pattern of deficit that is explained by a more widespread involvement of both the clock, the memory, and the decisional mechanisms.
|Anno di pubblicazione:||1993|
|Titolo:||PRECISION AND ACCURACY OF SUBJECTIVE TIME-ESTIMATION IN DIFFERENT MEMORY DISORDERS|
|Autori:||NICHELLI P; VENNERI A; MOLINARI M; TAVANI F; GRAFMAN J|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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