Air-bubble entrainment produced by the impact of water drops on a liquid pool is investigated with the use of high-speed imaging. A wide range of drop volumes and impact velocities is considered to determine how the entrainment mechanisms change with varying the impact conditions. Five different entrainment regimes are distinguished on the basis of the observed flow phenomena. Their characteristic features are described in terms of bubble formation, crater evolution, jetting and secondary drop ejection. A regime map is reconstructed in the Froude-Weber space. Results obtained in the present study show good agreement with the phase diagrams reported in the literature and contribute to complete the scenario of the entrainment regimes. Quantitative data about the size and the residence times of the entrained nuclei are also presented.

Air entrainment in the primary impact of single drops on a free liquid surface / Salerno, Elisabetta; Levoni, Paolo; Barozzi, Giovanni Sebastiano. - In: JOURNAL OF PHYSICS. CONFERENCE SERIES. - ISSN 1742-6588. - ELETTRONICO. - 655:(2015), pp. 1-11. [10.1088/1742-6596/655/1/012036]

Air entrainment in the primary impact of single drops on a free liquid surface

SALERNO, ELISABETTA;LEVONI, Paolo;BAROZZI, Giovanni Sebastiano
2015-01-01

Abstract

Air-bubble entrainment produced by the impact of water drops on a liquid pool is investigated with the use of high-speed imaging. A wide range of drop volumes and impact velocities is considered to determine how the entrainment mechanisms change with varying the impact conditions. Five different entrainment regimes are distinguished on the basis of the observed flow phenomena. Their characteristic features are described in terms of bubble formation, crater evolution, jetting and secondary drop ejection. A regime map is reconstructed in the Froude-Weber space. Results obtained in the present study show good agreement with the phase diagrams reported in the literature and contribute to complete the scenario of the entrainment regimes. Quantitative data about the size and the residence times of the entrained nuclei are also presented.
655
1
11
Salerno, Elisabetta; Levoni, Paolo; Barozzi, Giovanni Sebastiano
Air entrainment in the primary impact of single drops on a free liquid surface / Salerno, Elisabetta; Levoni, Paolo; Barozzi, Giovanni Sebastiano. - In: JOURNAL OF PHYSICS. CONFERENCE SERIES. - ISSN 1742-6588. - ELETTRONICO. - 655:(2015), pp. 1-11. [10.1088/1742-6596/655/1/012036]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1083573
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