The steroids, as compounds of low molecular weight, are not immunogenic; however, certain small molecules (haptens) when covalently linked to proteins become antigenic i.e., they provoke the production of unique antibody. If a steroid were covalently copuled to a protein, an artifical antigen would be produced capable of eliciting the formation of antibody with specificity not only for the protein carrier but also for the particular haptenic steroid. The results would be an in vivo production of a tailor made binding sites for any steroid that can be attached as a hapten to a protein by covalent bonds and thus become antigenic. This procedure allow the preparation of steroid specific antisera suitable for clinical use in radioimmunoassay, methods. The Authors report the techniques of preparation of steroid-derivative antigens of Androstenedion, Testosteron, and Progesteron. The three derivative steroid antigens have shown a good antigenic property by eliciting the formation of specifical antisera in 5 out of 6 rabbits used for the immunization. After 10 weeks from the beginning of immunization antisera useful in radioimmunoassay at the diluition 1/300; 1/1600; 1/2000 respectively for Progesteron, Testosteron and Androstenedion were obtained. The standard curves show a good sensitivity suitable for clinical use.
|Data di pubblicazione:||1976|
|Titolo:||[The preparation and characterization of steroid antisera (author's transl)]|
|Autori:||Vadora, E; Dagradi, G; Bacchi-Modena, A; Salvarani, C; Coppola, F|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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