Friction characteristics of graphene deposited on different substrates have been studied by atomic force microscopy (AFM). In particular, we compared mechanically exfoliated graphene transferred over Si/SiO2 with respect to monolayer (ML) graphene grown in our laboratory by low temperature chemical vapor deposition on Ni(111) single crystal. Friction force measurements by AFM have been carried out as function of load under different environment conditions, namely vacuum (10−5 Torr), nitrogen and air. The typical decrease of friction force with increasing number of layers has been observed on graphene over Si/SiO2 in all environment including vacuum. Continuum mechanical approximation has been used to analyze the friction versus load curves of ML graphene on Ni(111). Analysis shows that Derjaguin–Mueller–Toporov model is in good agreement with our experimental data indicating that overall behavior of the interface graphene–Ni(111) is relatively rigid respect to out of plane deformations. This result is consistent with the structural characteristics of the interface since graphene grows in registry with Ni(111) surface with covalent bonding character. Finally, the shear strength and the work of adhesion of the two systems with respect to AFM tip in vacuum have been compared. The result of this procedure indicates that shear strength and work of adhesion measured on graphene–Si/SiO2 interface are always greater than those on graphene–Ni(111) interface.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Titolo:||Frictional Transition from Superlubric Islands to Pinned Monolayers|
|Autori:||Pierno, M.; Bruschi, L.; Mistura, G.; Paolicelli, G.; di Bona, A.; Valeri, S.; Guerra, R.; Vanossi, A.; Tosatti, E.|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1038/nnano.2015.106|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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