AIMS AND BACKGROUND: Women's adherence to mammography and PAP test screening guidelines is a fundamental topic regarding women's health. The aim of the study was to evaluate the knowledge and compliance to breast and cervical cancer screening programs in women living in three Italian towns, where a public screening program, consisting of free mammography every two years and free PAP test every three years, is ongoing. METHODS: An anonymous survey was mailed to a random sample of women. Eight 120-min focus discussions with groups of women exploring perceptions, knowledge and practices were carried out after analysis of the returned surveys. RESULTS: Replies were received from 1345 women (response rate, 27%). Almost every woman knew of the screening program, but women's practice of mammography was age-dependent: up to 72% of the women performed it before the age of 50. Conversely, the age of the first PAP test was rather late: up to 70% of the women performed it at over 30 years of age. Women with a lower educational level reported being screened less than those with a higher level. During the group discussions, women's perceptions, knowledge and beliefs regarding cancer and screening, together with aspects of the health care system, appeared to strongly influence the preventive practices. Many women deplored being infrequently instructed by health professionals. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the limitations of the study due to the low response rate, we believe that health professionals should invest on encouraging factors and reduce the deterring factors to optimize screening practices.
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|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Titolo:||Compliance with breast and cervical cancer screening programs in women: results from a population-based study.|
|Autori:||Berardi R; Nacciarriti D; Tamburrano T; Carbonari G; Romagnoli E; Duca M; Burattini M; Silva Rr; Cellerino R; Cascinu S|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1700/1377.15303|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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