Biochar represents a valuable solution for carbon sequestration. Infact, it has aroused the interest of the scientific community due to its resistance to the degradation and its potential of soil improving. Stratified downdraft gasifier reactors are characterized by extreme design simplicity and it was proved that are able to operate with non-homogeneous feedstock. On the other hand, stratified reactors dispose a higher amount of char when compared to other downdraft gasifier. This work is aimed at characterizing the char produced through downdraft stratified reactors. Particular conditions which maximize both the quality and the amount of syngas and biochar was investigated. The whole system was evaluated through a composed coefficient Ip (performance index) which takes into account the energy content in the gas stream and the characteristics of the char produced. A lab-scale reactor, able to operate under different conditions, was designed considering the requirements of this work. It was implemented with a sophisticated heating system which allow us to control the reactor surface temperatures independently zone to zone. Results shown the capability of stratified gasifiers to be used for biochar disposal. Results outlined the Ip trend as function of the SV of the gasifier. and tar production was considered to find the more suitable condition.
Energy-Based Assessment of Optimal Operating Parameters for Coupled Biochar and Syngas Production in Stratified Downdraft Gasifiers / Allesina, Giulio; Pedrazzi, Simone; LA CAVA, Emma; Orlandi, Michele; Hanuskova, Miriam; Fontanesi, Claudio; Tartarini, Paolo. - ELETTRONICO. - (2014), pp. 1-12. (Intervento presentato al convegno Proceedings of the 15th International Heat Transfer Conference, IHTC-15 August 10-15, 2014, Kyoto, Japan tenutosi a Kyoto, Japan nel August 10-15, 2014) [10.1615/IHTC15.ees.008280].