Chronic periaortitis is characterized by a fibro-inflammatory process spreading from the abdominal aorta and the iliac arteries. Originally, chronic periaortitis was considered a localized inflammatory response to severe aortic atherosclerosis. However, subsequent studies have shown that chronic periaortitis may also involve other arteries and present with features of auto-immune diseases. This article reviews the issue of large-vessel involvement in chronic periaortitis and its implications in the pathogenesis and nosography of the disease.
Chronic periaortitis: a large-vessel vasculitis? / Vaglio, Augusto; Pipitone, Nicolò; Salvarani, Carlo. - In: CURRENT OPINION IN RHEUMATOLOGY. - ISSN 1040-8711. - 23:(2011), pp. 1-6. [10.1097/BOR.0b013e328341137d]