We analyze the broad range of spin-dependent nonequilibrium transport properties of hybrid systems com- posed of a normal region tunnel coupled to two superconductors with exchange fields induced by the proximity to thin ferromagnetic layers and highlight its functionalities. By calculating the quasiparticle distribution functions in the normal region, we find that they are spin dependent and strongly sensitive to the relative angle between exchange fields in the two superconductors. The impact of inelastic collisions on their properties is addressed. As a result, the electric current flowing through the system is found to be strongly dependent on the relative angle between exchange fields, giving rise to a huge value of magnetoresistance. Moreover, the current presents a complete spin polarization in a wide range of bias voltages, even in the quasiequilibrium case. In the nonequilibrium limit, we parametrize the distributions with an “effective” temperature, which turns out to be strongly spin dependent, though quite sensitive to inelastic collisions. By tunnel coupling the normal region to an additional superconducting electrode, we show that it is possible to implement a spin-polarized current source of both spin species, depending on the bias voltages applied.

Nonequilibrium spin-dependent phenomena in mesoscopic superconductor-normal metal tunnel structures / Giazotto, Francesco; Taddei, Fabio; D'Amico, Pino; Fazio, Rosario; Beltram, Fabio. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW. B, CONDENSED MATTER AND MATERIALS PHYSICS. - ISSN 1098-0121. - 76:(2007), pp. 184518-1-184518-12. [10.1103/PhysRevB.76.184518]

Nonequilibrium spin-dependent phenomena in mesoscopic superconductor-normal metal tunnel structures

D'AMICO, PINO;
2007

Abstract

We analyze the broad range of spin-dependent nonequilibrium transport properties of hybrid systems com- posed of a normal region tunnel coupled to two superconductors with exchange fields induced by the proximity to thin ferromagnetic layers and highlight its functionalities. By calculating the quasiparticle distribution functions in the normal region, we find that they are spin dependent and strongly sensitive to the relative angle between exchange fields in the two superconductors. The impact of inelastic collisions on their properties is addressed. As a result, the electric current flowing through the system is found to be strongly dependent on the relative angle between exchange fields, giving rise to a huge value of magnetoresistance. Moreover, the current presents a complete spin polarization in a wide range of bias voltages, even in the quasiequilibrium case. In the nonequilibrium limit, we parametrize the distributions with an “effective” temperature, which turns out to be strongly spin dependent, though quite sensitive to inelastic collisions. By tunnel coupling the normal region to an additional superconducting electrode, we show that it is possible to implement a spin-polarized current source of both spin species, depending on the bias voltages applied.
76
184518-1
184518-12
Nonequilibrium spin-dependent phenomena in mesoscopic superconductor-normal metal tunnel structures / Giazotto, Francesco; Taddei, Fabio; D'Amico, Pino; Fazio, Rosario; Beltram, Fabio. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW. B, CONDENSED MATTER AND MATERIALS PHYSICS. - ISSN 1098-0121. - 76:(2007), pp. 184518-1-184518-12. [10.1103/PhysRevB.76.184518]
Giazotto, Francesco; Taddei, Fabio; D'Amico, Pino; Fazio, Rosario; Beltram, Fabio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/1077487
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