Amphiphilic molecules which have a biological effect on specific membrane proteins, could also affect lipid bilayer properties possibly resulting in a modulation of the overall membrane behavior. In light of this consideration, it is important to study the possible effects of amphiphilic molecule of pharmacological interest on model systems which recapitulate some of the main properties of the biological plasma membranes. In this work we studied the effect of a neurosteroid, Allopregnanolone (3α,5α-tetrahydroprogesterone or Allo), on a model bilayer composed by the ternary lipid mixture DOPC/bSM/chol. We chose ternary mixtures which present, at room temperature, a phase coexistence of liquid ordered (Lo) and liquid disordered (Ld) domains and which reside near to a critical point. We found that Allo, which is able to strongly partition in the lipid bilayer, induces a marked increase in the bilayer area and modifies the relative proportion of the two phases favoring the Ld phase. We also found that the neurosteroid shifts the miscibility temperature to higher values in a way similarly to what happenswhen the cholesterol concentration is decreased. Interestingly, an isoform of Allo, Isoallopregnanolone (3β,5α -tetrahydroprogesterone or isoAllo), known to inhibit the effects of Allo on GABAA receptors, has an opposite effect on the bilayer properties.

Effect of neurosteroids on a model lipid bilayer including cholesterol: An Atomic Force Microscopy study / Sacchi, Mattia; Puja, Giulia; Vena, Giulia; Alessandrini, Andrea; Facci, Paolo; Balleza, Daniel. - In: BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA-BIOMEMBRANES. - ISSN 0005-2736. - STAMPA. - 1848:5(2015), pp. 1258-1267. [10.1016/j.bbamem.2015.01.002]

Effect of neurosteroids on a model lipid bilayer including cholesterol: An Atomic Force Microscopy study

SACCHI, MATTIA;PUJA, Giulia;ALESSANDRINI, Andrea;
2015-01-01

Abstract

Amphiphilic molecules which have a biological effect on specific membrane proteins, could also affect lipid bilayer properties possibly resulting in a modulation of the overall membrane behavior. In light of this consideration, it is important to study the possible effects of amphiphilic molecule of pharmacological interest on model systems which recapitulate some of the main properties of the biological plasma membranes. In this work we studied the effect of a neurosteroid, Allopregnanolone (3α,5α-tetrahydroprogesterone or Allo), on a model bilayer composed by the ternary lipid mixture DOPC/bSM/chol. We chose ternary mixtures which present, at room temperature, a phase coexistence of liquid ordered (Lo) and liquid disordered (Ld) domains and which reside near to a critical point. We found that Allo, which is able to strongly partition in the lipid bilayer, induces a marked increase in the bilayer area and modifies the relative proportion of the two phases favoring the Ld phase. We also found that the neurosteroid shifts the miscibility temperature to higher values in a way similarly to what happenswhen the cholesterol concentration is decreased. Interestingly, an isoform of Allo, Isoallopregnanolone (3β,5α -tetrahydroprogesterone or isoAllo), known to inhibit the effects of Allo on GABAA receptors, has an opposite effect on the bilayer properties.
2015
22-gen-2015
1848
5
1258
1267
Effect of neurosteroids on a model lipid bilayer including cholesterol: An Atomic Force Microscopy study / Sacchi, Mattia; Puja, Giulia; Vena, Giulia; Alessandrini, Andrea; Facci, Paolo; Balleza, Daniel. - In: BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA-BIOMEMBRANES. - ISSN 0005-2736. - STAMPA. - 1848:5(2015), pp. 1258-1267. [10.1016/j.bbamem.2015.01.002]
Sacchi, Mattia; Puja, Giulia; Vena, Giulia; Alessandrini, Andrea; Facci, Paolo; Balleza, Daniel
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1077018
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