Three cationic [Ln4] squares (Ln=lanthanide) were isolated as single crystals and their structures solved as [Dy4(μ4-OH)(HL)(H2L)3(H2O)4]Cl2·(CH3OH)4·(H2O)8 (1), [Tb4(μ4-OH)(HL)(H2L)3(MeOH)4]Cl2·(CH3OH)4·(H2O)4 (2) and [Gd4(μ4-OH)(HL)(H2L)3(H2O)2(MeOH)2]Br2·(CH3OH)4·(H2O)3 (3). The structures are described as hydroxo-centered squares of lanthanide ions, with each edge of the square bridged by a doubly deprotonated H2L2- ligand. Alternating current magnetic susceptibility measurements show frequency-dependent out-of-phase signals with two different thermally assisted relaxation processes for 1, whereas no maxima in χM" appears above 2.0 K for complex 2. For 1, the estimated effective energy barrier for these two relaxation processes is 29 and 100 K. Detailed ab initio studies reveal that complex 1 possesses a toroidal magnetic moment. The ab initio calculated anisotropies of the metal ions in complex 1 were employed to simulate the magnetic susceptibility by using the Lines model (POLY-ANISO) and this procedure yields J1=+0.01 and J2=-0.01 cm-1 for 1 as the two distinct exchange interactions between the DyIII ions. Similar parameters are also obtained for complex 1 (and 2) from specific heat measurements. A very weak antiferromagnetic super-exchange interaction (J1=-0.043 cm-1 and g=1.99) is observed between the metal centers in 3. The magnetocaloric effect (MCE) was estimated by using field-dependent magnetization and temperature-dependent heat-capacity measurements. An excellent agreement is found for the -ΔSm values extracted from these two measurements for all three complexes. As expected, 3 shows the largest -ΔSm variation (23 J Kg-1 K-1) among the three complexes. The negligible magnetic anisotropy of Gd indeed ensures near degeneracy in the (2S+1) ground state microstates, and the weak super-exchange interaction facilitates dense population of low-lying excited states, all of which are likely to contribute to the MCE, making complex 3 an attractive candidate for cryogenic refrigeration.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Titolo:||Single-Molecule Magnetism, Enhanced Magnetocaloric Effect, and Toroidal Magnetic Moments in a Family of Ln4 Squares|
|Autori:||Das, Chinmoy; Vaidya, Shefali; Gupta, Tulika; Frost, Jamie M.; Righi, Mattia; Brechin, Euan K.; Affronte, Marco; Rajaraman, Gopalan; Shanmugam, Maheswaran|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1002/chem.201502720|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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