Abstract This work reports the results of coarse-grained molecular dynamics simulations of citrate-coated gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) in interaction with insulin and fibrinogen, two of the most abundant proteins in the plasma. The following have been found: (a) The corona of citrate-coated AuNP of 5 nm core diameter is composed by a single layer of proteins comprising a maximum of 20 insulins, whereas only 3 fibrinogens are contemporaneously present. (b) The binding site for insulin is specific and independent from the number of insulins considered in the computational simulations, whereas fibrinogen presents different binding modes, as a function of protein concentration and composition. Moreover, fibrinogen is able to accommodate two citrate-coated AuNPs in independent binding sites localized at the ending nodes. (c) A competitve process for AuNP binding is observed when insulins and fibrinogens are contemporaneously present in the simulations. (d) The overall protein secondary structure is maintained upon binding to a single citrate-coated AuNP, but small changes in helix and sheet percentages are observed for both proteins. (e) A partial unfolding of the α-helix bundle is found for fibrinogen bound to two AuNPs. This may provide a molecular level understanding of the inflammatory response to nanoparticles. © 2015 American Chemical Society.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Titolo:||Competitive Binding of Proteins to Gold Nanoparticles Disclosed by Molecular Dynamics Simulations|
|Autori:||Tavanti, Francesco; Pedone, Alfonso; Menziani, Maria Cristina|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b05796|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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