Objective: Digital ulcers (DU) may develop in half of systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients; they are often resistant to treatments. Deep wound debridement is crucial for DU healing, but very difficult to carry out without adequate procedural pain management. Here, we report the results of our experience on procedural pain management in scleroderma DU. Methods: The study included 51 DU observed in 32 consecutive SSc patients; procedural pain was treated following a definite schedule: local lidocaine and prilocaine (25 mg of either agent per gram of cream, EMLA 5%) were initially used in all cases, followed by local and oral morphine, according to the severity of pain scored on a 10 cm visual analogue scale (VAS). Results: At baseline, higher pain VAS was recorded in more severe (p=0.0001) and/or infected DU (p=0.0001). Good compliance to DU debridement was observed in patients with mild pain (VAS ≤4) treated with only EMLA, and in 5 cases with moderate-severe pain (VAS >4) at baseline. While, the majority of DU with moderate-severe pain (34/39) needed a combined therapy with EMLA and local morphine (8/34) or with EMLA, local and oral morphine (26/34). On the whole, pain management during DU debridement required only EMLA application in 33% of cases, EMLA plus local morphine in 16%, while combined EMLA, local and oral morphine were necessary in 51%, generally with more severe and/or infected lesions. Conclusion: The present study showed valuable control of procedural pain during DU debridement with sequential, combined analgesic treatment.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Titolo:||Procedural pain management in the treatment of scleroderma digital ulcers|
|Autori:||Giuggioli, Dilia; Manfredi, Andreina; Vacchi, Caterina; Sebastiani, Marco; Spinella, Amelia; Ferri, Clodoveo|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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