This paper assesses the diverse potentialities of two different suspension spraying processes, namely High Velocity Suspension Flame Spraying (HVSFS) and Suspension Plasma Spraying (SPS), for the deposition of bioactive coatings based on hydroxyapatite and on a new, custom-made K2O–Na2O–CaO–P2O5–SiO2 bioactive glass. With both feedstock types, the HVSFS process imparts high in-flight velocities to the particles and aggregates released after solvent vaporisation, resulting in well flattened, tightly bound lamellae. The coatings, b50 μm thick and very dense, have hardness and elastic modulus values close to those of the corresponding bulk materials. They can be employed as high-quality bioactive layers on metallic implantable devices. Few days of soaking in simulated body fluid (SBF) results in the re-precipitation of a surface hydroxyapatite layer, albeit through different mechanisms. In HVSFS bioactive glass coatings, ion leaching turns the surface into a silica gel, onto which hydroxyapatite subsequently deposits. In HVSFS hydroxyapatite, the amorphous fraction is progressively dissolved and microcrystalline hydroxyapatite precipitates onto the remaining coating layer. The SPS technique, due to the lower in-flight velocity of particles and agglomerates, always produces more po- rous, rougher layers with columnar-like growth. They are not mechanically strong, but their peculiar structure can be useful for specific, functional applications. The high surface area of porous SPS bioactive glass coatings favours ion leaching and fast dissolution in simulated body fluid (SBF); hence, it is suggested that SPS bioglass could be useful as a rapidly resorbable layer. SPS hydroxyapatite, by contrast, is more stable than the corresponding HVSFS layer, despite its porosity, because of the higher crystallinity. After the amorphous fraction is dissolved in SBF, newly formed hydroxyapatite does not constitute a surface layer but precipitates inside the pores, suggesting that a sealing pre-treatment in SBF could be a means to tune porosity and phase composition.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Titolo:||Comparison between Suspension Plasma Sprayed and High Velocity Suspension Flame Sprayed bioactive coatings|
|Autori:||Bolelli, Giovanni; Bellucci, Devis; Cannillo, Valeria; Gadow, Rainer; Killinger, Andreas; Lusvarghi, Luca; Müller, Philipp; Sola, Antonella|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.surfcoat.2015.08.039|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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