The occurrence of karyotype variations with respect to both chromosome number and structure has been frequently reported in aphids. Here, we review recent data attesting to the presence of recurrent chromosomal changes in the karyotype of the peach potato aphid Myzus persicae, where clones presenting metaphases with different chromosome number (from 12 to 17) have been observed, also comparing plates obtained within the same embryo. According to the available data, M. persicae autosomes 3 and 1 are the chromosomes mostly involved in changes compared to other autosomes, suggesting that they could have sites more susceptible to fragmentation. Chromosomal fissions involving the X chromosomes have also been observed, suggesting that they may have fragile sites located at the termini opposite to the nucleolar organizer regions-bearing telomere. The presence of holocentric chromosomes and reproduction by apomictic parthenogenesis, together with a constitutive expression of telomerase, could explain the inheritance of the observed chromosomal instability in aphids. Considering that chromosomal changes may affect the host choice and could also favour speciation, it would be intriguing to confirm whether the observed karyotype variants have effects over short temporal and spatial scales.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Titolo:||Fast chromosomal evolution and karyotype instability: recurrent chromosomal rearrangements in the peach potato aphid Myzus persicae (Hemiptera: Aphididae)|
|Autori:||Manicardi, G.C.; Nardelli, A.; Mandrioli, M.|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1111/bij.12621|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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