We describe the epilepsy features and emotion recognition abilities (recognition of basic facial emotions and recognition of emotional prosody) in a patient with Urbach-Wiethe disease with bilateral amygdala calcifications. Our data, supported by ictal video-EEG recording, indicated that our patient suffered from mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. Emotion recognition abilities were compared to those of healthy controls and those of patients with bilateral mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. Our patient showed a selective impairment of the recognition of facial expression of fear, whereas recognition of emotional prosody was preserved, in contrast to bilateral mesial temporal lobe epilepsy patients that presented with deficits in both domains. We also reviewed the literature on epilepsy in Urbach-Wiethe disease (41 patients). Our findings suggest that in Urbach-Wiethe disease, the circumscribed damage of both amygdalae results in a selective dysfunction of fearful face processing, in contrast to bilateral mesial temporal lobe epilepsy patients who present with a widespread and multimodal impairment in the judgement of emotional stimuli.

Temporal lobe epilepsy and emotion recognition without amygdala: a case study of Urbach-Wiethe disease and review of the literature / Meletti, Stefano; Cantalupo, Gaetano; Santoro, Francesca; Benuzzi, Francesca; Marliani, Anna Federica; Tassinari, Carlo Alberto; Rubboli, Guido. - In: EPILEPTIC DISORDERS. - ISSN 1294-9361. - STAMPA. - 16(2014), pp. 518-527. [10.1684/epd.2014.0696]

Temporal lobe epilepsy and emotion recognition without amygdala: a case study of Urbach-Wiethe disease and review of the literature

MELETTI, Stefano;BENUZZI, Francesca;
2014

Abstract

We describe the epilepsy features and emotion recognition abilities (recognition of basic facial emotions and recognition of emotional prosody) in a patient with Urbach-Wiethe disease with bilateral amygdala calcifications. Our data, supported by ictal video-EEG recording, indicated that our patient suffered from mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. Emotion recognition abilities were compared to those of healthy controls and those of patients with bilateral mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. Our patient showed a selective impairment of the recognition of facial expression of fear, whereas recognition of emotional prosody was preserved, in contrast to bilateral mesial temporal lobe epilepsy patients that presented with deficits in both domains. We also reviewed the literature on epilepsy in Urbach-Wiethe disease (41 patients). Our findings suggest that in Urbach-Wiethe disease, the circumscribed damage of both amygdalae results in a selective dysfunction of fearful face processing, in contrast to bilateral mesial temporal lobe epilepsy patients who present with a widespread and multimodal impairment in the judgement of emotional stimuli.
16
518
527
Temporal lobe epilepsy and emotion recognition without amygdala: a case study of Urbach-Wiethe disease and review of the literature / Meletti, Stefano; Cantalupo, Gaetano; Santoro, Francesca; Benuzzi, Francesca; Marliani, Anna Federica; Tassinari, Carlo Alberto; Rubboli, Guido. - In: EPILEPTIC DISORDERS. - ISSN 1294-9361. - STAMPA. - 16(2014), pp. 518-527. [10.1684/epd.2014.0696]
Meletti, Stefano; Cantalupo, Gaetano; Santoro, Francesca; Benuzzi, Francesca; Marliani, Anna Federica; Tassinari, Carlo Alberto; Rubboli, Guido
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/1069188
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