Greater understanding of what factors promote the formation of innovation networks and their successful performance would help policymakers improve the design of policy interventions aimed at funding R&D projects to be carried out by networks of innovators. In this paper, we focus on the organizations that can play the role of network intermediaries, facilitating the involvement of other participants and promoting communication and knowledge flows. Based on an original empirical dataset of organizations involved in five publicly-funded policy programmes in support of innovation networks, we identify different types of intermediaries based on an analysis of their positions within networks of relationships. We observe that agents that occupy broker positions – linking agents that are not connected to each other – are more likely to be found in technologically turbulent environments, while the agents that occupy intercohesive positions – bridging cohesive communities of network agents – operate in more stable contexts. Intermediaries in general are more likely to be local associations and governments. However, besides this, it is not possible to clearly identify types of organizations that are more likely to be either brokers or intercohesive agents: different innovation networks may require different organizations to mediate relationships between the other participants.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Titolo:||The Emergence of Intermediary Organizations: A Network-based Approach to the Design of Innovation Policies|
|Autore/i:||Caloffi, Annalisa; Rossi, Federica; Russo, Margherita|
|Titolo del libro:||Handbook on Complexity and Public Policy|
|A cura di:||Geyer, Robert; Cairney, Paul|
|Nome editore:||Edward Elgar Publishing|
|Nazione editore:||REGNO UNITO DI GRAN BRETAGNA|
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