INTRODUCTION.The prevalence of erectile dysfunction (ED) and its correlates in men with acromegaly has never been investigated. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate sexual function in men with acromegaly. METHODS: Multicenter-based, retrospective analysis of a nonselected series of 57 acromegalic subjects (mean age: 52.7 ± 14.2 years) was performed. Acromegalic subjects reporting ED (n = 24) were compared with matched ED patients without acromegaly or pituitary disease (controls), selected from a cohort of more than 4,000 subjects enrolled in the Florence Sexual Medicine and Andrology Unit. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Patients were interviewed using Structured Interview on Erectile Dysfunction (SIEDY) structured interview, a 13-item tool for the assessment of ED-related morbidities. Several clinical and biochemical parameters were taken. Penile color Doppler ultrasound (PCDU) was performed in a subgroup of 37 acromegalic subjects. RESULTS: ED was reported by 42.1% of acromegalic subjects. After adjusting for age and testosterone, acromegalic subjects with ED had a higher prevalence of hypertension and more often reported an impairment of sleep-related erections and a longer smoking habit. Accordingly, acromegaly-associated ED was characterized by a higher organic component and worse PCDU parameters. No relationship between ED and testosterone levels or other acromegaly-related parameters was found. However, acromegalic subjects with severe ED reported a longer disease duration. In a case-control analysis, comparing acromegalic subjects with ED-matched controls free from acromegaly (1:5 ratio), acromegalic men had a worse ED problem and a higher organic component of ED, as derived from SIEDY score. In line with these data, acromegalic patients with ED had a higher prevalence of major adverse cardiovascular events history at enrollment and lower PCDU parameters. CONCLUSIONS: Subjects with complicated acromegaly are at an increased risk of developing ED, especially those with cardiovascular morbidities. Our data suggest including a sexual function evaluation in routine acromegaly follow-up.

Erectile dysfunction is common among men with acromegaly and is associated with morbidities related to the disease / Lotti, F; Rochira, Vincenzo; Pivonello, R; Santi, Daniele; Galdiero, M; Maseroli, E; Balestrieri, A; Faustini Fustini, M; Peri, A; Sforza, A; Colao, A; Maggi, M; Corona, G.. - In: THE JOURNAL OF SEXUAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 1743-6109. - ELETTRONICO. - 12:5(2015), pp. 1184-1193. [10.1111/jsm.12859]

Erectile dysfunction is common among men with acromegaly and is associated with morbidities related to the disease

ROCHIRA, Vincenzo;SANTI, Daniele;
2015

Abstract

INTRODUCTION.The prevalence of erectile dysfunction (ED) and its correlates in men with acromegaly has never been investigated. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate sexual function in men with acromegaly. METHODS: Multicenter-based, retrospective analysis of a nonselected series of 57 acromegalic subjects (mean age: 52.7 ± 14.2 years) was performed. Acromegalic subjects reporting ED (n = 24) were compared with matched ED patients without acromegaly or pituitary disease (controls), selected from a cohort of more than 4,000 subjects enrolled in the Florence Sexual Medicine and Andrology Unit. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Patients were interviewed using Structured Interview on Erectile Dysfunction (SIEDY) structured interview, a 13-item tool for the assessment of ED-related morbidities. Several clinical and biochemical parameters were taken. Penile color Doppler ultrasound (PCDU) was performed in a subgroup of 37 acromegalic subjects. RESULTS: ED was reported by 42.1% of acromegalic subjects. After adjusting for age and testosterone, acromegalic subjects with ED had a higher prevalence of hypertension and more often reported an impairment of sleep-related erections and a longer smoking habit. Accordingly, acromegaly-associated ED was characterized by a higher organic component and worse PCDU parameters. No relationship between ED and testosterone levels or other acromegaly-related parameters was found. However, acromegalic subjects with severe ED reported a longer disease duration. In a case-control analysis, comparing acromegalic subjects with ED-matched controls free from acromegaly (1:5 ratio), acromegalic men had a worse ED problem and a higher organic component of ED, as derived from SIEDY score. In line with these data, acromegalic patients with ED had a higher prevalence of major adverse cardiovascular events history at enrollment and lower PCDU parameters. CONCLUSIONS: Subjects with complicated acromegaly are at an increased risk of developing ED, especially those with cardiovascular morbidities. Our data suggest including a sexual function evaluation in routine acromegaly follow-up.
4-mar-2015
12
5
1184
1193
Erectile dysfunction is common among men with acromegaly and is associated with morbidities related to the disease / Lotti, F; Rochira, Vincenzo; Pivonello, R; Santi, Daniele; Galdiero, M; Maseroli, E; Balestrieri, A; Faustini Fustini, M; Peri, A; Sforza, A; Colao, A; Maggi, M; Corona, G.. - In: THE JOURNAL OF SEXUAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 1743-6109. - ELETTRONICO. - 12:5(2015), pp. 1184-1193. [10.1111/jsm.12859]
Lotti, F; Rochira, Vincenzo; Pivonello, R; Santi, Daniele; Galdiero, M; Maseroli, E; Balestrieri, A; Faustini Fustini, M; Peri, A; Sforza, A; Colao, A; Maggi, M; Corona, G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1067651
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