Background and aim KS has been classically described as characterized by hyperestrogenism and elevated serum E2 together with increased gonadotropins and low-to-normal serum testosterone (T). In literature, data on increased serum E2 are not solid. The aim of this study is to meta-analyse data from studies evaluating serum E2 in both KS and healthy subjects (HS) in order to verify if E2 is increased in KS. Methods An extensive MEDLINE was performed using ‘PubMed’ with the following key words: ‘KS’ and ‘E2’ or ‘T’ or ‘sex steroids’ from 1946 to January 2015 (current contents-ISI was used for searching oldest studies). All studies (case–control, case–series, case–reports) reporting E2 measurement were considered. Con- trolled–studies were used for meta-analysis, the others only for reviews. Only serum E2 at baseline (no ongoing treatments) was included. Meta-analysis was conducted according to the PRISMA statement using RevMan. Results Out of 956 articles, 26 case–control studies, 15 case–series and 21 case–reports had data on serum E2. A total of 878 KS and 1000 HS were included in the meta- analysis. Serum E2 was significantly higher in HS than in KS, with a mean difference of 7.93pg/ml (CI: 2.24, 13.61; PZ0.006), with a c2Z688.32 (I-squareZ97%). Serum T was significantly lower in KS than in HS, with a mean difference of K2.79 ng/ml (CI:K3,46,K2,11; P!0.001), with a c2Z198,29 (I-squareZ89%). Data from case–series and case–reports confirmed that E2 is not above the normal range in KS. Conclusions Serum E2 is not increased in KS and is significantly lower than in HS in this meta- analysis. The limits of this study are the heterogeneity of methods for steroids measurement and the lack of studies having the comparison of serum E2 between KS and HS as primary endpoint. The traditional belief that KS is associated to elevated E2 should be reconsidered together with some pathophysiological and clinical issues.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Titolo:||Is serum estradiol really increased in patients with Klinefeler syndrome? Results from a meta-analysis study.|
|Autore/i:||Santi, Daniele; Scaltriti, Sara; Rochira, Vincenzo|
|Titolo del libro:||17th European Congress of Endocrinology|
|Citazione:||Is serum estradiol really increased in patients with Klinefeler syndrome? Results from a meta-analysis study / Santi, Daniele; Scaltriti, Sara; Rochira, Vincenzo. - In: ENDOCRINE ABSTRACTS. - ISSN 1479-6848. - ELETTRONICO. - 37(2015), pp. EP182-EP182. ((Intervento presentato al convegno 17th European Congress of Endocrinology tenutosi a Dublin, Ireland nel 16-20 May, 2015.|
|Tipologia||Abstract in Rivista|
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