In this paper, we focus on the effects of the Great Recession on the decisions of young women regarding their labour supply. Consid- ering the profound effect of the economic recession on the Spanish labour market, and in particular on the labour supply of young people, the focus of the empirical part of this paper is on Spain. Using EU-SILC 2007 and 2012 micro data for Spain, the labour supply models of women are estimated by age group, with a particular focus on the 20 to 29 and 30 to 39 age bands, in order to establish how young women living in couples exhibit different labour supply propensities according to their partner’s labour market status. Correction is made for the non-random selection of women living in couples in the younger age groups. This first analytical step reveals a negative effect on the likelihood of forming a new household in the context of precarious employment conditions. Analytical results regarding the labour supply of women by age group confirmed a discouraging effect of young children on the labour supply of the youngest mothers, as well as a positive effect from being the owner of a house purchased under mortgage. The literature shows that different effects can be at work within the crisis: an added worker effect (AWE), which is countercyclical labour supply behaviour involving an increase in individual labour supply in response to transitory shocks in the partner’s earnings, and a procyclical discouraged worker effect. The resulting estimations of the present study suggest an AWE in 2012 for young women living in couples. While in 2012 the discouragement effect was only prevalent for women over 40, in 2007 it was also prevalent among younger women. Women’s higher propensity to enter the labour market when their partner becomes unemployed or is persistently unemployed, coupled with their likelihood to be inactive in the presence of young children, would suggest a need for labour market policies targeted towards young women. Childcare facilities could mitigate the latter effect and produce a more continuous work profile, avoiding the negative effects of work experience interruptions on labour supply during the female lifecycle.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Titolo:||Young people living as couples: How women's labour supply is adapting to the crisis. Spain as a case study|
|Autore/i:||Addabbo, Tindara; Rodríguez Modroño, Paula; Galvez Muñoz, Lina|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecosys.2014.10.003|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000353601800003|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-84925947090|
|Citazione:||Young people living as couples: How women's labour supply is adapting to the crisis. Spain as a case study / Addabbo, Tindara; Rodríguez Modroño, Paula; Galvez Muñoz, Lina. - In: ECONOMIC SYSTEMS. - ISSN 0939-3625. - STAMPA. - 39:1(2015), pp. 27-42.|
|Tipologia||Articolo su rivista|
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