The alpha chemokine Interferon gamma-induced protein 10 (IP-10) and its receptor, CXC receptor 3, appear to contribute to the pathogenesis of Graves' disease (GD) and Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO). Under the influence of Interferon-γ, IP-10 is secreted by thyrocytes (in GD), fibroblasts and preadipocytes (in GO). Determination of high level of IP-10 in peripheral liquids is therefore a marker of a Th1 orientated immune response. Circulating IP-10 is associated with the active phase of GD in both newly diagnosed and relapsing hyperthyroid patients. Methimazole reduces IP-10 secretion by isolated thyrocytes, decreases serum IP-10 levels, and promotes a transition from Th1 to Th2 dominance in patients in GD active phase. In GD patients the decrease of IP-10 after thyroidectomy and radioiodine strongly suggests that this chemokine is mainly produced by the thyroid itself. In GO patients the increased concentrations of IP-10, at least in part, reflect the activity of orbital inflammation. A significant reductions in IP-10 serum concentrations during corticosteroids and or radiotherapy treatments, as compared both to control group and to basal values in GO patients, suggest that this chemokine could serve as a guideline in therapeutic decision-making in patients with GO. Further studies are needed to evaluate whether IP-10 is a novel therapeutic target in GD and GO.
|Anno di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Titolo:||[The alpha chemokine "Interferon gamma-induced protein 10" (IP-10) in Graves' disease]|
|Autori:||Mancusi, C; Di Domenicantonio, A; Politti, U; Giuggioli, D; Antonelli, A; Ferri, C; Fallahi, P|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
I documenti presenti in Iris Unimore sono rilasciati con licenza Creative Commons Attribuzione - Non commerciale - Non opere derivate 3.0 Italia, salvo diversa indicazione.
In caso di violazione di copyright, contattare Supporto Iris