BACKGROUND: Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is the gold standard for treating severe carotid artery stenosis, whereas carotid artery stenting (CAS) represents an endovascular alternative. The objective of this study was to assess the potential neural damage following open or endovascular carotid surgery measured by peripheral blood concentration of 3 biomarkers: S100β, matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), and d-dimer. METHODS: Data for this prospective investigation were obtained from the Carotid Markers study (January 2010-2011), which sought to measure the levels of specific biomarkers of neuronal damage and thrombosis on candidates to CEA or CAS presenting at the Department of Vascular Surgery of the Nuovo Ospedale S. Agostino Estense of Modena (Italy) at baseline and at 24 hr after surgery. Relevant medical comorbidities were noted. RESULTS: A total of 113 consecutive patients were enrolled in the study, 41 in the endarterectomy group and 72 in the endovascular group. The baseline levels of the studied biomarkers did not show any statistically significant difference between the groups with the exception of MMP-9, which showed higher concentrations in the endovascular group (median 731 vs. 401, P = 0.0007), while 24 hr after surgery the endarterectomy group featured significantly higher peripheral blood concentrations of MMP-9, S100β, and d-dimer. Conversely, no significant difference was detected in the endovascular group except the d-dimer level. CONCLUSIONS: Neural damage biomarkers demonstrated a substantial difference between open and endovascular carotid surgery, which, if performed in selected patients, may become a less invasive alternative to CEA.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Titolo:||Neural damage biomarkers during open carotid surgery versus endovascular approach|
|Autore/i:||Giuliani, Enrico; Genedani, Susanna; Moratto, Roberto; Veronesi, Jessica; Carone, Chiara; Bonvecchio, Cinzia; Mosca, Francesco; Coppi, Gioachino; Barbieri, Alberto|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.avsg.2014.05.006|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000342162000013|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-84907820100|
|Codice identificativo Pubmed:||24911800|
|Citazione:||Neural damage biomarkers during open carotid surgery versus endovascular approach / Giuliani, Enrico; Genedani, Susanna; Moratto, Roberto; Veronesi, Jessica; Carone, Chiara; Bonvecchio, Cinzia; Mosca, Francesco; Coppi, Gioachino; Barbieri, Alberto. - In: ANNALS OF VASCULAR SURGERY. - ISSN 0890-5096. - STAMPA. - 28(2014), pp. 1671-9-1679.|
|Tipologia||Articolo su rivista|
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