The enterohepatic recirculation of bile salts exerts important regulatory effects on many hepatic, biliary and intestinal functions: such regulation is likely to depend, to a large extent, on the physical-chemical property of hydrophobicity of the recirculating pool. The present review summarizes the main experimental evidence carried out by our research group over the past two decades, in the attempt to investigate systematically the relationships between structural properties and biological effects of bile acids in humans. Hydrophobic bile acids (chenodeoxycholic acid, deoxycholic acid), but not hydrophilic acids (ursodeoxycholic acid), significantly suppressed hepatic activity of HMG-CoA reductase, the limiting step of cholesterol synthesis, and in vivo cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylation, the limiting step of bile acid synthesis. The output of biliary cholesterol and phospholipid was also directly related to the hydrophobicity of the bile acid pool. Finally, treatment with chenodeoxycholic acid, but not with ursodeoxycholic acid, significantly decreased gall-bladder emptying rates. When turning to the in vitro model of HepG2 cells, hydrophobic bile acids were found to induce greater cytotoxic and pro-apoptotic effects. From this series of studies, we conclude that the regulatory effects of bile acids on the liver and biliary tract are largely dependent on the hydrophobic-hydrophilic balance of the recirculating bile acid pool.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2000|
|Titolo:||Review article: effect of bile salt pool composition on hepatic and biliary functions|
|Autori:||Carulli, N; Bertolotti, M; Carubbi, F; Concari, M; Martella, P; Carulli, L; Loria, P|
|Volume:||14 Suppl 2|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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