Blooms of the ticoplanktonic-epibenthic dinoflagellate Ostreopsis ovata Fukuyo 1981 are an increasingly phenomenon in the Mediterranean Sea, reflected in the rapid growth of publications during the last years. Between 2000 and 2010, particularly during the summer seasons, several blooms were reported along the Italian coastal area (Sansoni et al., 2003; Simoni et al., 2004; Ungaro et al., 2005; Grillo et al., 2006; Zingone et al., 2006; Bianco et al., 2007; Totti et al., 2007) in some cases associated with health problems in persons living at the seashore. In the Gulf of La Spezia (Ligurian Sea) the first massive occurrence of O. ovata was observed during August 1998 (Abbate et al., 2007). After the 2006 harmful bloom at the Gulf of La Spezia, an investigation was carried out to identify the critical factors that could favour O. ovata growth in order to predict its development. Since 2008, the density of the cells of O. ovata in seawater was monitored weekly from spring to autumn; at the same time, seawater temperature and climatic parameters (air temperature, wind direction, wind speed, global solar radiation and rain precipitation) were continuously recorded. During summer 2010, four additional samples (200 ml) of O. ovata were collected on the coastal hard bottoms near Tellaro especially dedicated to toxicological tests with the polychaete Dinophilus gyrociliatus as model speces. Direct sampling of benthic microalgae from the substrates was performed following the technique developed by Abbate et al. (2010). Results suggested a synergic effect of water/air temperature and light as responsible for the dynamics of Ostreopsis ovata blooms. Our data showed that, along the coast of the Gulf of La Spezia, the bloom started with a sea temperature above 19 °C and the maximum abundances occurred, generally, after about two weeks of water temperature above 24 °C and mean daily global solar radiation over 275 W/m². Our preliminary results on toxicity tests suggested that the microalgae growth phase, in addition to its density, could be the main factor producing harmful effect on organisms living in temperate marine coastal hard bottoms.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Titolo:||Blooms of Ostreopsis ovata in the Gulf of La Spezia are related to abiotic factors and may threat a benthic polychaete|
|Autori:||Abbate, M.; Bordone, A.; Micheli, C.; Orlandi, M.; Simonini, R.|
|Nome del convegno:||106° Congresso Nazionale della Società Botanica Italiana|
|Luogo del convegno:||Genova|
|Data del convegno:||21- 23 settembre 2011|
|Titolo del libro:||BOLLETTINO DEI MUSEI E DEGLI ISTITUTI BIOLOGICI DELL‘UNIVERSITÀ DI GENOVA|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Abstract in Rivista|
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