Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) is a cytokine that plays a critical role in inflammatory and immune processes and in the control of infections and sepsis. Data on the perioperative management of patients treated with biologic drugs are limited and mainly in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). This retrospective study assesses variations in the incidence of side effects between psoriatic patients who temporarily discontinue or continue biological therapy before surgical treatment. Despite the immunosuppressive risk, our results suggest that postoperative complications are not influenced by the suspension of biologic therapies. As TNF-α plays a role in promoting collagen synthesis and wound healing, we suggest that anti-TNFs should be discontinued before major surgery, whereas for minor surgery, the lower rates of infections favor anti-TNF-α continuation, particularly since suspending anti-TNF therapy is known to induce psoriasis relapse.

Management of patients with psoriasis treated with biological drugs needing a surgical treatment / Fabiano, Antonella; De Simone, Clara; Gisondi, Paolo; Piaserico, Stefano; Lasagni, Claudia; Pellacani, Giovanni; Conti, Andrea. - In: DRUG DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH. - ISSN 0272-4391. - 75 Suppl 1:(2014), pp. S24-6-S26. [10.1002/ddr.21189]

Management of patients with psoriasis treated with biological drugs needing a surgical treatment

Fabiano, Antonella;PELLACANI, Giovanni;
2014

Abstract

Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) is a cytokine that plays a critical role in inflammatory and immune processes and in the control of infections and sepsis. Data on the perioperative management of patients treated with biologic drugs are limited and mainly in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). This retrospective study assesses variations in the incidence of side effects between psoriatic patients who temporarily discontinue or continue biological therapy before surgical treatment. Despite the immunosuppressive risk, our results suggest that postoperative complications are not influenced by the suspension of biologic therapies. As TNF-α plays a role in promoting collagen synthesis and wound healing, we suggest that anti-TNFs should be discontinued before major surgery, whereas for minor surgery, the lower rates of infections favor anti-TNF-α continuation, particularly since suspending anti-TNF therapy is known to induce psoriasis relapse.
75 Suppl 1
S24-6
S26
Management of patients with psoriasis treated with biological drugs needing a surgical treatment / Fabiano, Antonella; De Simone, Clara; Gisondi, Paolo; Piaserico, Stefano; Lasagni, Claudia; Pellacani, Giovanni; Conti, Andrea. - In: DRUG DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH. - ISSN 0272-4391. - 75 Suppl 1:(2014), pp. S24-6-S26. [10.1002/ddr.21189]
Fabiano, Antonella; De Simone, Clara; Gisondi, Paolo; Piaserico, Stefano; Lasagni, Claudia; Pellacani, Giovanni; Conti, Andrea
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/1063226
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