The development of post-traumatic arthritis following intra-articular fracture remains an important unsolved clinical problem. The possibility that extensive chondrocyte apoptosis occurs following intra-articular fracture, thus contributing to the development of post-traumatic arthritis, has received increasing attention [1]. It has been demonstrated the existence of a direct correlation between the rate of apoptosis and the severity of osteoarthritis [2]. Pharmacologic inhibitors of enzymes involved in apoptosis have been explored as potential therapeutic agents [3]. In the present study we aimed to deepen the characterization of apoptotic mediators, expressed by chondrocytes, involved in human post-traumatic arthritis following intra-articular fracture and the possible implication of pro-inflammatory receptors in arthritis. The expression of a panel of pro/anti apoptotic factors (Caspase-3, PARP-1, BCL2) and inflammation-related receptors (ChemR23) were analysed in chondrocytes from patients undergoing surgery for intra-articular calcaneal fractures. The factors were investigated by immunofluorescence coupled with confocal analysis and western blotting, followed by densitometric evaluation of chondrocyte cultures harvested from patients with intra-articular fractures compared with control ones. The results clearly demonstrated that a statistically significant difference exists in the expression of pro/anti apoptotic factors and ChemR23 between fractured and control patients. In conclusion our data suggest that increased chondrocyte death, occurring after cartilage injury together with inflammatory process, could play a pivotal role in the onset of arthritic disease. References [1]. Hembree W.C. et al. (2007) Viability and apoptosis of human chondrocytes in osteochon-dral fragments following joint trauma. J Bone Joint Surg Br 89(10): 1388-95. [2] Kim H.A. et al. (2000) Apoptotic chondrocyte death in human osteoarthritis. J Rheumatol 27: 455–462. [3] D'Lima D. et al. (2006) Caspase inhibitors reduce severity of cartilage lesions in experi-mental osteoarthritis. Arthritis Rheum 54(6): 1814-1821.

Chondrocyte expression of apoptotic and pro-inflammatory factors in the development of post- traumatic arthritis in humans / Sena, Paola; Benincasa, Marta; Cavani, Francesco; Ferretti, Marzia; Smargiassi, Alberto; Manfredini, Giuseppe; Palumbo, Carla. - In: ITALIAN JOURNAL OF ANATOMY AND EMBRYOLOGY. - ISSN 1122-6714. - STAMPA. - 118 - n. 2 (suppl.):(2013), pp. 172-172. ((Intervento presentato al convegno 67th Meeting of the Italian Society of Anatomy and Histology tenutosi a Brescia (Italy) nel 20-22 September, 2013.

Chondrocyte expression of apoptotic and pro-inflammatory factors in the development of post- traumatic arthritis in humans

SENA, Paola;BENINCASA, Marta;CAVANI, Francesco;FERRETTI, Marzia;SMARGIASSI, ALBERTO;PALUMBO, Carla
2013

Abstract

The development of post-traumatic arthritis following intra-articular fracture remains an important unsolved clinical problem. The possibility that extensive chondrocyte apoptosis occurs following intra-articular fracture, thus contributing to the development of post-traumatic arthritis, has received increasing attention [1]. It has been demonstrated the existence of a direct correlation between the rate of apoptosis and the severity of osteoarthritis [2]. Pharmacologic inhibitors of enzymes involved in apoptosis have been explored as potential therapeutic agents [3]. In the present study we aimed to deepen the characterization of apoptotic mediators, expressed by chondrocytes, involved in human post-traumatic arthritis following intra-articular fracture and the possible implication of pro-inflammatory receptors in arthritis. The expression of a panel of pro/anti apoptotic factors (Caspase-3, PARP-1, BCL2) and inflammation-related receptors (ChemR23) were analysed in chondrocytes from patients undergoing surgery for intra-articular calcaneal fractures. The factors were investigated by immunofluorescence coupled with confocal analysis and western blotting, followed by densitometric evaluation of chondrocyte cultures harvested from patients with intra-articular fractures compared with control ones. The results clearly demonstrated that a statistically significant difference exists in the expression of pro/anti apoptotic factors and ChemR23 between fractured and control patients. In conclusion our data suggest that increased chondrocyte death, occurring after cartilage injury together with inflammatory process, could play a pivotal role in the onset of arthritic disease. References [1]. Hembree W.C. et al. (2007) Viability and apoptosis of human chondrocytes in osteochon-dral fragments following joint trauma. J Bone Joint Surg Br 89(10): 1388-95. [2] Kim H.A. et al. (2000) Apoptotic chondrocyte death in human osteoarthritis. J Rheumatol 27: 455–462. [3] D'Lima D. et al. (2006) Caspase inhibitors reduce severity of cartilage lesions in experi-mental osteoarthritis. Arthritis Rheum 54(6): 1814-1821.
118 - n. 2 (suppl.)
172
172
Sena, Paola; Benincasa, Marta; Cavani, Francesco; Ferretti, Marzia; Smargiassi, Alberto; Manfredini, Giuseppe; Palumbo, Carla
Chondrocyte expression of apoptotic and pro-inflammatory factors in the development of post- traumatic arthritis in humans / Sena, Paola; Benincasa, Marta; Cavani, Francesco; Ferretti, Marzia; Smargiassi, Alberto; Manfredini, Giuseppe; Palumbo, Carla. - In: ITALIAN JOURNAL OF ANATOMY AND EMBRYOLOGY. - ISSN 1122-6714. - STAMPA. - 118 - n. 2 (suppl.):(2013), pp. 172-172. ((Intervento presentato al convegno 67th Meeting of the Italian Society of Anatomy and Histology tenutosi a Brescia (Italy) nel 20-22 September, 2013.
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